The Welfare of Children                                               


                                              


                                 Oxford University Press

 

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z

 

References

 

A

Abbott, E. (1942). Social welfare and professional education. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Ackerman, B. and Alstott, A. (1999). The stake holder society. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Acs, G., & Loprest, P. (2002). Initial synthesis report of the findings from ASPE’s “leavers” grants. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute. (www.urban.org).

Adams, G., and Schulman, K. (1998). Child care challenges. Washington, DC: Children’s Defense Fund.

Adams. P. (1992). Marketing social change: The case of family preservation. Paper presented at the Annual Program Meeting of the Council on Social Work Education, Kansas City, March 1.

Addams, J. (1902). Democracy and social ethics. New York: Macmillan.

Addams, J. (1910). Twenty years at Hull House. New York: Macmillan.

Adelson, L. (1961). Slaughter of the innocents: A study of forty-six homicides in which the victims were children. New England Journal of Medicine 246:1345-1349.

Administration for Children and Families (2002). National Foster Care and Adoption Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Foster care data available online at:

    http://www.acf.dhhs.gov/programs/cb/dis/tables/sec11gb/national.htm

Administration for Children and Families (2002). Total number of families and recipients for 1st Quarter FY 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. TANF data available online at:

     http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/indicators02/appa-TANF.pdf

Administration for Children, Youth, and Families. (1984). Report to Congress on PL 96-272, The Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services.

Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980, Public Law 96-272, H.R. 3434, 94 Stat. 500 (June 17).

Agassi, J. B. (1991). The rise of the ideas of the welfare state. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21:444-457.

Akerlof, G.A., and Yellen, J.L. (1996). An analysis of out-of-wedlock births in the United States. Policy Brief #5, August. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute.

Alfaro, J. D. (1988). What can we learn from child abuse fatalities? A synthesis of nine studies. In D. J. Besharov, ed., Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Policy and practice, 219-264. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Allan, L. J. (1978). Child abuse: A critical review of the research and theory. In J. P. Martin, ed., Violence in the family. New York: Wiley.

Amacher, K. A., and Maas, H. S. (1985). Children, youth, and social work practice. In S. A. Yelaja, ed., An introduction to social work practice in Canada, 217-233. Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice-Hall.

American Humane Association. (1977). Statistics for 1977. Denver, CO: Author.

American Humane Association. (1978). National analysis of official child neglect and abuse reporting. Denver, CO: Author.

American Humane Association. (1988). National analysis of official child neglect and abuse reporting, Annual report, 1986. Denver, CO: Author.

Anderson, E. (1990). Streetwise: Race, class, and change in an urban community. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Anderson, E. (1994). Looking out for our nation's welfare. Register Guard, January, 9:F1 and F4.

Anderson, R., Ambrosino, R., Valentine, D., and Lauderdale, M. (1983). Child deaths attributed to abuse and neglect: An empirical study. Children and Youth Services Review 5:75-89.

Anne E. Casey Foundation (2002). Children at risk: State trends 1990-2000. Baltimore, MD: Author. (see www.kidscount.org)

Antler, J., and Antler, S. (1979). From child rescue to family protection: The evolution of the child protection movement in the United States. Children and Youth Services Review 1:177-204.

Archard, D. (1993). Children: Rights and childhood. London: Routledge.

Asen, R. (2002). Visions of poverty: Welfare policy and political imagination. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Avery, R. B., Elliehausen, G. E., and Canner, G. B. (1984a). Survey of consumer finances, 1983. Federal Reserve Bulletin, September, 679-682.

Avery, R. B., Elliehausen, G. E., and Canner, G. B. (1984b). Survey of consumer finances, 1983: A secondary report. Federal Reserve Bulletin, December, 857-869.

 


B    Return to top

Bachrach, C. (1986). Adoption plans, adopted children and adoptive mothers. Journal of Marriage and the Family 48:243-253.

Bachrach, C.A. (1998). The changing circumstances of marriage and fertility in the United States. In Welfare, the family, and reproductive behavior. R.A. Moffitt, ed. Washington, DC: National Research Council, 1998.

Bagley, C., and King, K. (1990). Child sexual abuse: The search for healing. London: Tavistock/Routledge.

Baker, M. (1985). What will tomorrow bring? A study of the aspirations of adolescent women. Ottawa: Canadian Advisory Council on the Status of Women.

Bakwin, H. (1952). Roentgenographic changes in homes following trauma. Journal of Pediatrics 42:7-15.

Bakwin, H. (1956). Multiple skeletal lesions in young children due to trauma. Journal of Pediatrics 39:7-15.

Baldwin, J. A., and Oliver, J. E. (1975). Epidemiology and family characteristics of severely abused children. British Journal of Preventive and Social Medicine 29:205-221.

Bane, M. J., and Jargowsky, P. A. (1988). The links between government policy and family structure: What matters and what doesn't. In A. J. Cherlin, ed., The changing American family and public policy, 219-261. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.

Banting, K. G. (1987). The welfare state and Canadian federalism. 2d ed. Kingston and Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Barmeyer, G. H., Alderson, L. R., and Cox, W. B. (1951). Traumatic periostitis in young children. Journal of Paediatrics 38:184-190.

Barnes, H. Day, P. and Cronin, N. (1998). Trial and error: A review of UK child support policy. Occasional Paper 24. London: Family Policy Studies Centre.

Barth, R. P., and Berry, M. (1987). Outcomes of child welfare services under permanency planning. Social Service Review 61:71-90.

Barth, R., Berrick, J. D., and Courtney, M. (1990). A snapshot of California's families and children: Pursuant to the child welfare reforms of the 1980s. A presentation to the California Child Welfare Strategic Planning Commission, February 22.

Bawden, D. L., and Sonenstein, F. L. (1992). Quasi-experimental designs. Children and Youth Services Review 14:137-144.

Bean, P., and Melville, J. (1989). Lost children of the empire. London: Unwin Hyman Ltd.

Becker, E., Rankin, E., and Rickel, A. U. (1998). High risk sexual behavior: Interventions with vulnerable populations. New York: Plenum Press.

Becker, G. (1981). A treatise on the family. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Beeghley, L. (1983). Living poorly in America. New York: Praeger.

Bell, W. (1965). Aid to dependent children. New York: Columbia University Press.

Bellamy, D. (1983). Social policy in Ontario. In Ontario Social Development Council, The province of Ontario, Its social services, A handbook on the human services, 31-51. Toronto: Ontario Social Development Council.

Bellamy, D., and Irving, A. (1986). Pioneers. In J. C. Turner and F. J. Turner (eds.), Canadian social welfare 29-49. Dons Mills, Ontario: Collier Macmillan Canada.

Bergquist, C., Szwejda, D., and Pope, G. (1993). Evaluation of Michigan’s Families First program: Summary report. Lansing, MI: Michigan Department of Social Services.

Berk, R. A., Campbell, A., Klap, R., and Western, B. (1992). The deterrent effect of arrest in incidents of domestic violence-a Bayesian-analysis of 4 field experiments. American Sociological Review 57:698-708.

Berlin, G. (1992). Choosing and measuring interventions. Children and Youth Services Review 14:99-118.

Berry, M. (1990). Keeping families together: An examination of an intensive family preservation program. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of California, Berkeley.

Berry, M. (1991). The assessment of imminence of risk of placement: Lessons from a family preservation program. Children and Youth Services Review 13:239-256.

Berry, M. (1992). An evaluation of family preservation services: Fitting agency services to family needs. Social Work 37:314-321.

Berry, M. (1993). The relative effectiveness of family preservation services with neglectful families. In E.S. Morton and R.K. Grigsby (eds.), Advancing family preservation practice. 70-98. Newbury Park: Sage.

Besharov, D. J. (1983). Criminal and civil liability in child welfare work: The growing trend. Washington, DC: American Bar Association.

Besharov, D. J. (1987). Defending child abuse and neglect cases: Representing parents in civil proceedings. DC Superior Court. Washington, DC: Counsel for Child Abuse and Neglect.

Besharov, D. J. (1988a). Introduction. In D. J. Besharov, ed., Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Policy and practice, 3-8. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Besharov, D. J. (1988b). The misuse of foster care: When the desire to help children outruns the ability to improve parental functioning. In D. J. Besharov, ed., Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Policy and practice, 185-206. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Besharov, D. J. (1990a). Gaining control of child abuse reports. Public Welfare 48:34-40.

Besharov, D. J. (1990b). Recognizing child abuse. New York: Free Press.

Besharov, D. J. (1991). Douglas J. Besharov's response to the symposium review by Deborah Daro and Rosina Becerra. Children and Youth Services Review 13:306-309.

Besharov, D. J. (1993). Escaping the dole: For young unmarried mothers, welfare reform alone can't make work pay. Washington Post, December 12:C3.

Best, J. (1990). Threatened children: Rhetoric and concern about child-victims. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Bianchi, S.M., Milkie, M.A., Sayer, L.C., & Robinson, J.P. (2000). Is anyone doing the housework? Trends in the gender division of household labor. Social Forces, 79: 191-228.

Blank, R. (1997). It takes a nation: A new agenda for fighting poverty. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Blankenhorn, D. (1995). Fatherless America: Confronting our most urgent social problem. New York: Harper-Collins.

Blenkner, M., Bloom, M., and Nielsen, M. (1971). A research and demonstration project of protective services. Social Casework 52:483-499.

Boehm, B. (1970). The child in foster care. In H. D. Stone, ed., Foster care in question: A national reassessment by twenty-one experts 220-227. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Bolton, F. G., Laner, R., and Gai, D. (1981). For better or worse? Foster parents and foster children in an officially reported child maltreatment population. Children and Youth Services Review 3:37-53.

Bourget, D., and Bradford, J. M. W. (1990). Homicidal parents. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 35:233-238.

Bowen, E. (1987). Needy kids, perpetual aid. Time, November 30, 70.

Bowlby, J. (1958). The nature of the child's tie to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis 39:350-373.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss. Vol. 1. Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Boyle, M. H., Offord, D. R., Hofman, H. G., Catlin, G. P., Byles, J. A., Cadman, D. T., Crawford, J. W., Links, P. S., Rae-Grant, N. I., and Szatmari, P. (1987). Ontario child health study. I. Methodology. Archives of General Psychiatry 44:826-832.

Brace, C. L. (1859). The best method of disposing of pauper and vagrant children. New York: Wyncoop and Hallenbeck.

Brace, E., ed. (1894). The life of Charles Loring Brace: Chiefly told in his own letters. London: S. Low, Marston and Company.

Bradbury, B., Jenkins, S. and Micklewright, J. (2001). The dynamics of child poverty in Industrialized countries. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Bradbury, D. E. (1962). Five decades of action for children. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Children's Bureau.

Bradbury, D., and Eliot, M. (1956). A formal history of the Children's Bureau
Available on the web in pdf format: http://www.ssa.gov/history/pdf/child1.pdf

Braun, D. (1997). The rich get richer: The rise of income inequality in the United States and the World. Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Brazer, H. E. (1967). Tax policy and children's allowance. In E. M. B. Burns, ed., Children's allowances and the economic welfare of children, 140-149. New York: Citizen's Committee for Children of New York.

Bremner, R. H., ed. (1971). Children and youth in America: A documentary history. Vol. II: 1866-1932, Parts one through six. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Briar, S. (1963). Clinical judgment in foster care placement. Child Welfare 42:161-169.

Brieland, D. (1965). An assessment of resources in child welfare research. In M. Norris and B. Wallace, eds., The known and the unknown in child welfare research: An appraisal, 188-196. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Brindle, D. (1991). The Orkney affair: A crisis for social work. Guardian, April 5:3.

Broder, D. (1991). Unless we act now, nation's future looks bleak. Washington Post, June 15.

Brookings Institute (2002). Brookings welfare reform and beyond initiative. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.

Brown, G.E. (1968). The multi-problem dilemma. Metuchen, N.J.: The Scarecrow Press.

Browning, D., and Evison, I. (1993). The family debate: A middle way. Christian Century 110:712-716.

Bruchey, S. (1988). The wealth of the nation: An economic history of the United States. New York: Harper Collins.

Bruno, F. J. (1957). Trends in social work, 1874-1956: A history based on the proceedings of the National Conference of Social Work. New York: Columbia University Press.

Buchan, W. (1783). Domestic medicine: Or a treatise on the prevention and cure of diseases. London: Milner.

Buchanan, J. M., and Lee, D.R. (1982). Politics, time and the Laffer Curve.” Journal of Political Economy, 90: 816-19.

Buehler, C., Orme, J.G., Post, J., and Patterson, D.A. (2000). The long-term correlates of family foster care. Children and Youth Services Review, 22, 595-625.

Burt, M. R., and Bayleat, R. R. (1978). A comprehensive emergency services system for neglected and abused children. New York: Vantage Press.

Burt, M. R., and Blair, L. H. (1971). Options for improving care of neglected and dependent children. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Burt, R. A. (1971). Forcing protection on children and their parents: The impact of Wyman v. James. Michigan Law Review 69:1259-1310.

Burtless, G. (2002). Growing American inequality: Sources and remedies. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Burtless, G. (2002). Has widening inequality promoted or retarded U.S. growth? Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Bush, M. (1987). Families in distress. Los Angeles and Berkeley: University of California Press.

Butler, A. (1992). The changing economic consequences of teenage childbearing. Social Service Review 66:1-31.

 


C   Return to top

Caffey, J. (1946). Multiple fractures in the long bones of infants suffering from chronic subdural hematoma. American Journal of Roentgenology 56:163-173.

Caffey, J., and Silverman, W. A. (1945). Infantile cortical hyperostos: Preliminary report on a new syndrome. American Journal of Roentgenology 55:1-16.

Calasanti, T. M., and Bailey, C. A. (1991). Gender inequality and the division of household labor in the United States and Sweden: A socialist-feminist approach. Social Problem 38:34-53.

Callahan, M. (1985). Public apathy and government parsimony: A review of child welfare in Canada. In K. L. Levitt and B. Wharf, eds., The challenge of child welfare, 1-27. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Cameron, J. M. (1978). Radiological and pathological aspects of the battered child syndrome. In S. M. Smith, ed., The maltreatment of children, 69-81. Baltimore: University Park Press.

Campbell, D. T., and Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for research. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Cancian, M., Haverman, R., Meyer, D., and Wolfe, B. (2002). Before and after TANF: The economic well-being of women leaving welfare. Discussion paper no. 1244-02. Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty.

Capizzano, J., and Adams, G. (2000a). The hours that children under five spend in child care: Variations across States (No. B-8). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Capizzano, J., and Adams, G. (2000b). The number of child care arrangements used by children under five: Variations across States (No. B-12). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Capizzano, J.,Adams, G., and Sonenstein, F. (2000a). Child care arrangements for children under five: Variations across States (No. B-7). Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Casper, L.M., Hawkins, M., and O’Connell, M. (1991). Who's minding the kids?: child care arrangements. Washington, D.C.: Bureau of the Census.

Cassetty, J. (1978). Child support and social policy. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.

Center on Budget and Planning Priorities (1998). Developing innovative child support demonstrations for non-custodial parents. Washington, DC: Author.

Chambers, D. L. (1979). Making fathers pay: The enforcement of child support. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Charnley, J. (1955). The art of child placement. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Chawla, R. K. (1990). The distribution of wealth in Canada and the United States. Perspectives 2:29-41.

Cherlin, A.J. (1992). Marriage, divorce, remarriage. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Cherlin, A.J. (2002). Public and private families: An introduction. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Chess, W.A., Hale, K., Carroll, K., Baker, D.R., Wilson, M., Spyres, E., and Jayaratne, S. (1993). The family focus services program: Final report. Norman, OK: Oklahoma Department of Human Services.

Child Abuse Study Group. (1990). Taking child abuse seriously. London: Unwin Hyman.

Child Support Agency (1998). Children first: A new approach to child support. Green Paper. (www.csa.gov.uk)

Child Support Agency On-Line (2002). A new contract for welfare: children's rights and parents' responsibilities: A Summary. White Paper. (www.csa.gov.uk)

Child Trends (2001). Teen birth rate. CTS Facts at a Glance (August).

Children's Bureau. (1980). Child welfare training: Comprehensive syllabus for a child welfare training program. DHHS Publication No. (OHDS) 80-30276, Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Children's Defense Fund. (1986). Preventing adolescent pregnancy: What schools can do. Washington, DC: Author.

Children's Defense Fund. (1994). The state of America's children 1994. Washington, DC: Author.

Children's Defense Fund. (2003). Number of Black children in extreme poverty hits record high. Washington, DC: Author.

Clark, K. B. (1965). Dark ghetto: Dilemmas of social power. New York: Harper and Row.

Clarke, A.M., and Clark, C.B. eds. (1976). Early experience: Myth and evidence. London: Open Books.

Clarke-Stewart, A. (1993). Daycare. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Clement, P. F. (1978). Families in foster care: Philadelphia in the late nineteenth century. Social Service Review 53:406-420.

Clinton Administration. (1994). Possible elements in the welfare reform proposal: a new vision. (March 22). Washington, DC: Author.

Cohen, J. S., and Westhues, A. (1990). Well-functioning families for adoptive and foster children: A handbook for child welfare workers. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Cohen, P. (2002). The marriage problem: “I Do” to “I Don’t”. New York Times, March 24.

Cohn, A. H., and Daro, D. (1987). Is treatment too late?: What ten years of evaluative research tell us. Child Abuse and Neglect 11:433-522.

Coleman, J. S., Campbell, E. Q., Hobson, C. J., McPartland, J., Mood, A. M., Weinfeld, F. D., and York, R. L. (1966). Equality of educational opportunity. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Coleman, T. (1965). The NSPCC in need. The Guardian, February 19, 14.

Collier, W.V., and Hill, R.H. (1993). Family ties. Intensive family preservation services program. An evaluation report. New York, NY: New York Department of Juvenile Justice.

Colon, F. (1981). Family ties and child placement. In P. A. Sinanoglu and A. N. Maluccio, eds., Parents of children in placement: Perspectives and programs, 241-267. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Committee for Economic Development. (1987). Children in need: Investment strategies for the educationally disadvantaged. Washington, DC: Author.

Congressional Budget Office. (1987). The changing distribution of federal taxes: 1975-90, October, table 8, 48. Washington, DC: Author.

Congressional Budget Office. (1992). Green book. Washington, DC: Author.

Conway, J. F. (1990). The Canadian family in crisis. Toronto: James Lorimer and Company.

Cook, R. (1992). A national evaluation of Title IV-E foster care independent living programs for youth: Phase 2 final report. Rockville, M.D.: Westat.

Cooper, D. M. (1993). Child abuse revisited: Children, society and social work. Buckingham, England: Open University Press.

Cooper, P.P. (2002). Billions flow into 529 accounts, as returns flunk math for college. The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 3, 2002.

Corbit, G. (1985). The hidden unemployables. Paper delivered at the University of Calgary, January 21.

Corby, B. (1987). Working with child abuse. Milton Keynes, England: Open University Press.

Corcoran, M., and Chaudray, A., (1997), They dynamics of child poverty. Future of Children, 7: 40-54.

Cordin, A. (1999). Making child maintenance regimes work. London: Family Policy Studies Centre.

Costin, L. (1992). Cruelty to children: A dormant issue and its rediscovery, 1920-1960. Social Service Review 66:177-198.

Costin, L., and Rapp, C. (1984). Child welfare policies and practices. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Council of Europe. (1999). Recent demographic developments in Europe, 1999. Council of Europe Press.

Cournand, A., and Meyer, M. (1976). The scientist’s code. Minerva 14:79-96.

Courtney, M.E., and Dworsky, A. (2001). Children in out-of-home care in Wisconsin, 1990-1999. Madison, WI: Department of Health and Family Services.

Courtney, M. E., Piliavin, I., Grogan-Kaylor, A., & Nesmith, A. (1998). Foster youth transitions to adulthood: Outcomes 12 to 18 months after leaving out-of-home care. Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty.

Creighton, S. J. (1984). Trends in child abuse. London: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.

Crump, A.D., Hynie, D.L., Aarons, S.J., Adair, E., Woodward, K., and Simons-Morton, B.G. (1999). Pregnancy among urban African-American teens: Ambivalence about prevention. American Journal of Health and Behavior, 23: 32-42.

Cunningham, M.L., and Smith, R.J. (1990). Family preservation in Tennessee: The home ties intervention. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Social Work Office of Research and Public Services.

 


D   Return to top

Danziger, S., and Gottschalk, P. (1986). How have families with children been faring? Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Paper 801-806. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin.

Danziger, S., and Stern, J. (1990). The causes and consequences of child poverty in the United States. Innocenti Occasional Papers, No. 10. Florence, Italy: Spedale degli Innocenti.

Danziger, S., and Weinberg, D. H., eds. (1986). Fighting poverty. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Danziger, S., Jakubson, G., Schwartz, S., and Smolensky, E. (1982). Work and welfare as determinant of female poverty and household headship. The Quarterly Journal of Economics 98:519-534.

Darity, W., Jr., and Myers, S., Jr. (1983). Changes in Black family structure: Implications for welfare dependency. American Economic Review Proceedings 73:59-64.

Darity, W.A., Myers, S.L., and Elgar, E. (1998). Persistent disparity : Race and economic inequality in the United States Since 1945. Northampton, MA.: Edward Elgar.

Daro, D. (1988). Confronting child abuse: Research for effective program design. New York: Free Press.

Daro, D. (1991). Review of Recognizing child abuse, by D. J. Besharov, Children and Youth Services Review 13:301-304.

Daro, D., and McCurdy, M. A. (1991). Current trends in child abuse reporting and fatalities: The results of the 1990 annual fifty state survey. Working paper No. 808. Chicago: National Committee for the Prevention of Child Abuse.

Daro, D., and Mitchel, L. (1990). Current trends in child abuse reporting and fatalities: The results of the 1989 annual fifty state summary. Chicago: National Committee for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect.

Dattalo, P. (1991). The gentrification of public welfare. Unpublished paper. Richmond, VA: Virginia Commonwealth University.

Davis, D. (Producer) (1988). The unquiet death of Eli Creekmore. KCTS-TV, Seattle, Washington.

Dear, R. B. (1989). What's right with welfare? The other face of AFDC. Journal of Sociology and Social Work 16:5-43.

DeFrancis, V. (1956). Child protective services in the United States. Denver, CO: Children's Division, The American Humane Association.

DeFrancis, V. (1966). Child abuse legislation: Analysis of mandatory reporting laws in the United States. Denver, CO: Children's Division, American Humane Association.

DeFrancis, V. (1967). Child protective services in the United States: A nationwide survey. Denver, CO: Children's Division, American Humane Association.

Denison, E.F. (1974). Accounting for United States Economic Growth, 1929-1969. Washington D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Denison, E. F. (1985). Trends in American economic growth, 1929-1982. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

DeParle, J. (1992). Why marginal changes don't rescue the welfare system. The New York Times, March 1, E3.

Desowitz, R. S. (1987). The thorn in the starfish. New York: W.W. Norton.

Dickinson, N. S. (1986). Which welfare strategies work? Social Work 32:266-272.

Dingwall, R. (1989). Some problems about predicting child abuse and neglect. In O. Stevenson, ed., Child Abuse: Professional practice and public policy, 28-53. London: Havester Weatsheaf.

Dingwall, R., Eekelaar, J., and Murray, T. (1983). The protection of children: State intervention and family life. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Donnelly, A. H. C. (1991). What we have learned about prevention: What we should do about it. Child Abuse and Neglect 15:99-106.

Donnelly, B. P. (1980). A policy review of California's foster care placement and payment systems. Report No. S80-6 (May 1980). State of California, Department of Finance, Program Evaluation Unit.

Donzelot, J. (1979). The policing of families. New York: Pantheon.

Downs, S., and Taylor, C. (1978). Resources for training: Permanent planning in foster care. Portland, OR: Regional Research Institute for Human Services, Portland State University.

DuBois, W.E.B. (1896). The Philadelphia Negro. New York: Lippincot.

Duncan, G. J., and Brook-Gunn, J. (1997). Consequences of growing up poor.. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Duncan, G. J., and Hoffman, S. D. (1985). Economic consequences of marital stability. In M. David and T. Smeeding, eds., Horizontal equity, uncertainty and well-being, 427-470. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Duncan, G. J., and Hoffman, S. D. (1989). Welfare benefits, economic opportunities, and the incidence of out-of-wedlock births among Black teenage girls, mimeo. Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, March.

Duncan, G. J., and Rodgers, W. (1991). Has children's poverty become more persistent? American Sociological Review 56:538-550.

Duquette, D. N. (1980). Liberty and lawyers in child protection. In C. H. Kempe and R. E. Helfer, eds., The battered child, 3d ed. rev. and expanded, 316-329. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Dworsky, A., and Courntey, M.E (2000). Self-sufficiency of foster youth in Wisconsin, Analysis of employment insurance wage data and public assistance data. Online at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/fosteryouthWI00

Dybwad, G. (1949). The challenge to research. Child Welfare 28:9-15.

 


E   Return to top

Eckenrode, J., Powers, J., Doris, J., Munsch, J., and Bolger, N. (1988). Substantiation of child abuse and neglect reports. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 56:9-16.

Edelman, M. W. (1987). Families in peril: An agenda for social change. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Edelman, M.W. (2002). The shame of child poverty in the richest land on earth. Washington, D.C.: The Children’s Defense Fund. 
Edelman, M. W. (1995). Say no to this welfare reform: An open letter to the President. Washington Post, November 3, 1995.
Edin, K. (1995). Single mothers and child support: The possibilities and limits of child support policy, Children and Youth Services Review, 17: 203-230.

Ehrenreich, B. (2001). Nickel and dimed: On (not) getting by in America. New York: Metropolitan Books.

Eichler, M. (1988). Families in Canada today: Recent changes and their policy consequences. 2d ed. Toronto: Gage.

Ellwood, D. T. (1986). Targeting the would-be long term recipient: Who should be served? report to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.

Ellwood, D. T. (1988). Poor support. New York: Basic Books.

Ellwood, D. T. (1989). Poverty through the eyes of children. Unpublished manuscript, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Ellwood, D. T., and Crane, J. (1990). Family change among Black Americans: What do we know? Journal of Economic Perspectives 4:6-84.

Elmer, E. (1967). Children in jeopardy-A study of abused minors and their families. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Emlen, A. (1974). Day care for whom? In A. L. Schorr, ed., Children and decent people, 88-112. New York: Basic Books.

Emlen, A. (1976). Barriers to planning for children in foster care. Vol. 1. Portland, OR: Regional Research Institute for Human Services, Portland State University.

Emlen, A., Lahti, J., Downs, G., McKay, A., and Downs, S. (1977). Overcoming barriers to planning for children in foster care. Portland, OR: Regional Research Institute for Human Services, Portland State University.

England, H. (1986). Social work as art: Making sense for good practice. London: Allen and Unwin.

Epstein, W. M. (1983). Research biases. Social Work 28:77-78.

Epstein, W.M. (1999). Children who could have been: The Legacy of child welfare in wealthy America. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.

Epstein, W.M. (2002). American policy making: welfare as ritual. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield.

Erikson, E. (1959). Identity and the life cycle. New York: International University Press.

Espenshade, T. J. (1979). The economic consequences of divorce. Journal of Marriage and the Family 41:615-625.

Ezell, M., and McNeese, C. A. (1986). Practice effectiveness: Research or rhetoric? Social Work 31:401-402.

 


F   Return to top

Fagan, P.F. (1999). How broken families rob children of their chances for future prosperity. Backgrounder No. 1283. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation.

Fagan, P.F., and Rector, R. (2000). The effects of divorce on America. Backgrounder No. 1373. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation.

Falconer, N. E., and Swift, K. (1983). Preparing for practice, The fundamentals of child protection. Toronto: Children's Aid Society of Metro Toronto.

Faller, K. C. (1985). Unanticipated problems in the United States child protection system. Child Abuse and Neglect 9:63-69.

Faludi, S. (1991). Backlash: The undeclared war against American women. New York: Crown Publishers.

Fanshel, D. (1971). The exit of children from foster care: An interim research report. Child Welfare 50:65-81.

Fanshel, D. (1976). Discharge and other status outcomes. Child Welfare 55:143-171.

Fanshel, D. (1981). Decision-making under uncertainty: Foster care for abused or neglected children. American Journal of Public Health 71:685-686.

Fanshel, D., and Shinn, E. (1972). Dollars and sense in the foster care of children: A look at cost factors. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Fanshel, D., and Shinn, E. (1978). Children in foster care: A longitudinal investigation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (1962-2000). Uniform crime reports for the United States. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). Supplementary Homicide Reports, 1976-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. Available on the web at: www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/homicide

Fein, E., Maluccio, A. N., Hamilton, J. V., and Ward, D. E. (1983). After foster care: Outcomes of permanent planning for children. Child Welfare 62:485-462.

Fein, L. G. (1979). Can child fatalities, end product of child abuse, be prevented? Children and Youth Services Review 1:1-53.

Feldman, L.H. (1990). Evaluating the impact of family preservation services in New Jersey. New Jersey: Bureau of Research, Evaluation, and Quality Assurance, Division of Youth and Family Services.

Feldman, L.H. (1991). Assessing the effectiveness of family preservation services in New Jersey within an ecological context. NJ: New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Youth and Family Services.

Feldstein, M. (1974). Social Security, induced retirement, and private savings: New time-series evidence. Journal of Political Economy 84:905-926.

Ferguson, D. H. (1961). Children in need of parents: Implications of the Child Welfare League Study. Child Welfare 40:1-6.

Fienberg, S. E. (1981). The analysis of cross-classified categorical data. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Finkelhor, D. (1990). Is child abuse over reported? Public Welfare 48:22-29.

Finkelhor, D., Hotaling, G., & Sedlak, A. (1990). Missing, abducted, runaway, and thrownaway children in America: first report, numbers and characteristics national incidence studies. Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Firestone-Seghi, L. (1979). Assessing results of the Alameda Project. Children and Youth Services Review 1:429-435.

Fischer, J. (1971). Framework for the analysis of outcome research. Honolulu: School of Social Work, University of Hawaii.

Fischer, J. (1973). Is casework effective: A review? Social Work 18:5-20.

Fischer, J. (1983). Evaluations of social work effectiveness: Is positive evidence always good evidence? Social Work 28:74-77.

Fisher, S. H. (1958). Skeletal manifestations of parent induced trauma in infants and children. 8th Medical Journal 51:956-960.

Fontana, V. J. (1971). The maltreated child. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas.

Food Research and Action Center’s (2002). School breakfast scorecard: 2001. 11th Edition. Washington, DC: FRAC Publications.

Forrest, J. D., and Singh, S. (1990). The sexual and reproductive behavior of American women, 1982-1988. Family Planning Perspectives 22:206-214.

Forsythe, P. (1992). Homebuilders and family preservation. Children and Youth Services Review 14:37-47.

Fraiberg, S. (1977). Every child's birthright: In defense of mothering. New York: Basic Books.

Frank, R. H. (1985). Choosing the right pond: Human behavior and the quest for service. New York: Oxford University Press.

Franklin, A. W., ed. (1975). Concerning child abuse. London: Churchill-Livingstone.

Fraser, M., Pecora, P., and Haapala, D. (1991). Families in crisis. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Fraser, S. ed., (1995). The bell curve wars. New York: Basic Books.

French, D. (1949). The contribution of research to social work. New York: American Association of Social Workers.

Friedberg, A. (1988). The weary titan: Britain and experience of relative decline, 1895-1905. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Friedman, M., and Friedman, R. (1979). Free to choose. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Frost, N., and Stein, M. (1989). The politics of child welfare: Inequality, power and change. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (1991). As the pendulum swings: Teenage childbearing and social concern. Family Relations 40: 127-138.

Furstenberg, F. F., Jr. (2002). What a good marriage can’t do. New York Times, August 13.

Furstenberg, F. F., Jr., Brooks-Gunn, J., and Morgan, S. P. (1987). Adolescent mothers in later life. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 


G   Return to top

Galbraith, J. K. (1967). The new industrial state. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

Galinsky, E., Bond, J.T., & Friedman, D.E. (1993). The changing workforce: Highlights of the National Study. New York: Families and Work Institute.

Gambrill E., and Shlonsky, A. (2000). Assessing Risk in Child Maltreatment. Children and Youth Services Review, 22 (Nos. 11-12).

Gambrill, E. (1990). Critical thinking in clinical practice: Improving the accuracy of judgments and decision about clients. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Gambrill, E. (1997). Social work practice: A critical thinker’s guide. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gambrill, E. D., and Stein, T. J. (1981). Decision making and case management: achieving continuity of care for children in out-of-home placement. In A. N. Maluccio and P. A. Sinanoglu, eds., The challenge of partnership: Working with parents of children in foster care, 109-139. New York: Child Welfare League of America, Inc.

Garbarino, J., and Carson, B., and Flood, M. F. (1983). A protective service system. Children and Youth Services Review 5:49-63.

Garbarino, J., and Sherman, D. (1980). Identifying high-risk neighborhoods. In J. Garbarino, S. H. Stocking, and Associates, eds., Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Developing and maintaining effective support systems for families, 94-108. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Garbarino, J., and Stocking, S. H. (1981). The social context of child maltreatment. In J. Garbarino, S. H. Stocking, and Associates, eds., Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Developing and maintaining effective support systems for families, 1-14. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Garfinkel, I. (1968). Negative income-tax and children’s allowances programs-Comparisons. Social Work 13:33-39.

Garfinkel, I. (1992). Assuring child support: An extension of child security. New York: Russell Sage Press.

Garfinkel, I., and McLanahan, S. (1986). Single mothers and their children: A new American dilemma. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

Garfinkel, I., and Uhr, L. (1987). A new approach to child support. The Public Interest 75:111-122.

Garfinkel, I., McLanahan, S., Tienda, M., and Brooks-Gunn, J. (2001) Fragile families and welfare reform. Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 23, Numbers 4 and 5

Garfinkel, I., Meyer, D. R., and Sandefur, G. D. (1992). The effects of alternative child support systems on Blacks, Hispanics, and Non-Hispanic Whites. Social Service Review 66:505-523.

Gart, J. J. (1971). The comparison of proportions: A review of significance tests, confidence intervals, and adjustments for stratification. Review of the International Statistical Institute 39:148-169.

Gauthier, A.H. (1999). Historical trends in state support for families in Europe (post-1945). Children and Youth Services Review 21: 937-965.

Gelles, R. (1996). The book of David: How preserving families can cost children’s lives. New York: Basic Books.

Gelles, R. J., and Straus, M. A. (1987). Is violence toward children increasing? A comparison of 1975 and 1985 national survey rates. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2:212-222.

Gelles, R. J., and Straus, M. A. (1988). Intimate violence: The causes and consequences of abuse in the American family. New York: Simon and Schuster.

General Accounting Office. (1976). Administration of Children, Youth and Families-Need to better use its research results and clarify its role. HRD-77-76. Washington, DC: Author.

Giannarelli, L. and Steuerle, C.E. (1995). The twice-poverty trap: tax rates faced by AFDC recipients (Research Report). Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute.

Gideonse, S.K., and Meyers, W.R. (1988). Why `workfare' fails. Challenge 31:44-49.

Gil, D. (1970). Violence against children. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Gilbert, N., and Gilbert, B. (1991). The enabling state: Modern welfare capitalism in America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gilder, G. (1981). Wealth and poverty. New York: Basic Books.

Gilder, G. (1984). The spirit of enterprise. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Giovannoni, J. M. (1989). Substantiated and unsubstantiated reports of child maltreatment. Children and Youth Services Review 11:299-318.

Giovannoni, J. M., and Becerra, R. (1979). Defining child abuse. New York: Free Press.

Glazer, N. (1974). The schools of the minor professions. Minerva 12:346-364.

Glendon, M. (1987). Abortion and divorce in Western law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Glickman, E. (1957). Child placement through clinically oriented casework. New York: Columbia University Press.

Godfrey, R., and Schlesinger, B. (1965). Child welfare services: Winding paths to maturity. Toronto: Canadian Conference on Children.

Goerge, R. M. (1990). The reunification process in substitute care. Social Service Review 64:422-457.

Golden, O. (1992). Poor children and welfare reform. Westport, CT: Auburn House Publishing.

Golding, P., and Middleton, S. (1982). Images of welfare: Press and public attitudes to poverty. London: Martin Robertson.

Goldstein, H. (1992). If social work hasn't made progress as a science, might it be an art? Families in Society 73:48-55.

Goldstein, J., Freud, S., and Solnit, A. (1998). The best interests of the child: The least detrimental alternative. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Goldstein, J., Freud, A., and Solnit, A. (1973). Beyond the best interests of the child. New York: Free Press.

Goldstein, J., Freud, A., and Solnit, A. (1979). Before the best interests of the child. New York: Free Press.

Goldstein, J.R. (1999). The leveling of divorce in the United States. Demography, 36: 409-414.

Goldstein, J.R. (1999). The leveling of divorce in the United States. Demography, 36: 409-414.

Goldstein, N. C. (1991). Why poverty is bad for children. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Goldstein, R. (1999). Child abuse and neglect: Cases and materials. St. Paul: West Publishing.

Goodwin, L. (1972). Welfare mothers and the work ethic. Monthly Labor Review 95:35-37.

Gordon, H. (1960). The challenge of new knowledge to the field of child care. Journal of Social Work Process, 11:25-67.

Gordon, H. L. (1948, October). Editorial comment: Towards improved services to children. Child Welfare 27:7-10.

Gordon, H. L. (1956). Casework services for children. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.

Gordon, L. (1988). Heroes of their own lives: The politics and history of family violence, Boston 1880-1960. New York: Penguin Books.

Gould, S.J. (1994). Curveball. The New Yorker, November 28.

Gray, J. D., Cutler, C. A., Dean, J. G., and Kempe, C. H. (1977). Prediction and prevention of child abuse and neglect. Child Abuse and Neglect 1:45-58.

Green Book (1998, 2000). See United States House of Representatives. (1998). Green Book:

Greenhouse, S. (1993). If the French can do it, why can't we? The New York Times Magazine, November 14, Section 6, 59-62.

Greenland, C. (1987). Preventing CAN deaths: An international study of deaths due to child abuse and neglect. London: Tavistock Publications.

Groenveld, L. P., and Giovannoni, J. M. (1977). Disposition of child abuse and neglect cases. Social Work Research and Abstracts 13:24-31.

Gruber, A. R. (1978). Children in foster care: Destitute, neglected, betrayed. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Guest, D. (1985). The emergence of social security in Canada, 2d ed. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Gwinn, J. L., Lewin, K. W., and Peterson, H. G. (1961). Roentgenographic manifestations of unsuspected trauma in infancy: A problem of medical, social and legal importance. Journal of the American Medical Association 176: 926-929.

 


H   Return to top

Haanes-Olson, L. (1972). Children's allowance: Their size and structure in five countries. Social Security Bulletin 5:17-28.

Hacker, A. (1992). Two nations: Black and white, separate, hostile, unequal. New York: Ballantine Books.

Hagan, H. R. (1957). Distinctive aspects of child welfare. Child Welfare 36:1-6.

Halper, G. and Jones, M.A. (1981). Serving families at risk of dissolution: Public preventive services in New York City. New York: Human Resources Administration, Special Services for Children.

Hampton, R. L., and Newberger, E. H. (1985). Child abuse incidence and reporting by hospitals: Significance of severity, class, and race. American Journal of Public Health 75:56-60.

Handler, J. F., and Hasenfeld, Y. (1991). The moral construction of poverty: Welfare reform in America. New York: Sage.

Handler, J. F., and Hasenfeld, Y. (1997). We the poor people: Work, poverty, and welfare. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Hardicker, P., Exton, K., and Barker, M. (1991). Policies and practices in preventive child care. London: Gower.

Harding, N. (1992). The Marxist-Leninist detour. In J. Dunn, ed., Democracy: The unfinished journey 508BC to AD1993, 155-187. New York: Oxford University Press.

Harlow, H. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist 13:673-685.

Harlow, H. (1961). The development of affection patterns in infant monkeys. In B. M. Foss, ed., Determinants of infant behavior, Vol. 1. London: Methuen.

Harlow, H. F., and Zimmerman, R. R. (1959). Affectional responses in the infant monkey. Science 130:421-432.

Hartman, A. (1971). But what is social casework? Social Casework 52:411-419.

Haveman, R. (1988). Starting even: An equal opportunity program to combat the nation's new poverty. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Hazlitt, H. (1973). The conquest of poverty. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House.

Hein, J. (2001). Taming the welfare state: New York City, once America’s "welfare capital," has become the epicenter of reform. American Outlook, May/June.

Hein, J. (2001). United States Department of Health and Human Services: TANF Reauthorization Listening Session, Prepared Testimony of Jay Hein.  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 26, 2001

Heineman, M. (1981). The obsolete scientific imperative in social work research. Social Service Review 55:371-397.

Helburn, S.W., and Bergmann, B.R. (2002). America’s childcare problem: The way out. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Helfer, R. (1978). Report on the research using the Michigan Screening Profile of Parenting (MSPP). Washington, DC: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.

Heneghan, A.M, Horwitz, S.M., & Leventhal, J.M. (1996). Evaluating intensive family preservation programs: A methodological review. Pediatrics, 97: 535-542.

Henggler, S.W., Melton, G.B., and Smith, L.A. (1992). Family preservation using multisystematic therapy: An effective alternative to incarcerating serious juvenile offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 60:953-961.

Hennepin County Community Services Department. (1980). Family study project: Demonstration and research in intensive services to families. Minneapolis: Author.

Henriksen, H., and Holter, H. (1978). Norway. In S. Kamerman and A. J. Kahn, (eds.), Family policy: Government and families in fourteen countries, 49-67. New York: Columbia University Press.

Henshaw, S. K., and Van Vort, J. (1989). Teenage abortion, birth and pregnancy statistics: An update. Family Planning Perspective 21:85-88.

Hepworth, H. P. (1985). Child neglect and abuse. In K. L. Levitt and B. Wharf, eds., The challenge of child welfare, 28-52. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Herrnstein, R.J., and Murray, C. (1994). The bell curve: Intelligence and class structure in American life. New York: Free Press, 1994.

Hewitt, C. (1983). Defending a termination of parental rights case. In M. Hardin, ed., Foster children in the courts, 229-263. Boston: Butterworth Legal Publishers.

Hewlett, S. A. (1991). When the bough breaks: The cost of neglecting our children. New York: Basic Books.

Hoshino, G. (1974). AFDC as child welfare. In A. Schorr, ed., Children and decent people, 113-141. New York: Basic Books.

Howells, J. G.  (1975). Remember Maria. London: Butterworths.

Howitt, D. (1992). Child abuse errors: When good intentions go wrong. New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Howling, P. T., Wodarski, J. S., Kurtz, P. D., and Gaudin, J. M. (1989). Methodological issues in child maltreatment research. Social Work Research and Abstracts 25:3-7.

Hotz, V.J., McElroy, S.W., Sanders, S.G. (1997). The impacts of teenage childbearing on the mothers and consequences of those impacts for government. In R.E. Maynard, Kids having kids: Economic costs and social consequences of teen pregnancy. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute Press.

Hunter, W. M., Coulter, M. L., Runyan, D. K., and Everson, M. D. (1990). Determinants of placement for sexually abused children. Child Abuse and Neglect 14:407-417.

Hutchison, E. D. (1989). Child protective screening decisions: An analysis of predictive factors. Social Work Research and Abstracts 25:9-15.

Hutchison, E. D. (1990). Child maltreatment: Can it be defined? Social Service Review 64:61-78.

Hutchison, E. D. (1992). Child welfare as a woman's issue. Families in Society 73:67-78.

Hutchison, E. D. (1993). Mandatory reporting laws: Child protective case finding gone awry? Social Work 38:56-63.

Huxley, P. (1986). Statistical errors in the British Journal of Social Work, Volumes 1-14. British Journal of Social Work 16:645-58.

Huxley, P. (1988). “Quantitative-descriptive” articles in the British Journal of Social Work, volumes 1-14. The British Journal of Social Work 18:189-199.

 


J   Return to top

James, P.D. (1993). The children of men. New York: Penguin.

Janko, K. S. (1991). The social construction of child abuse: A qualitative investigation of child maltreatment. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon.

Jargowski, P.A. (1997). Poverty and place: Ghettos, barrios, and the American city. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Jencks, C. (1992). Rethinking social policy: Race, poverty, and the underclass. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

Jenkins, S. (1974). Foster care. In A. Schorr, ed., Children and decent people, 24-52. New York: Basic Books.

Jenkins, S., and Norman, E. (1972). Filial deprivation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Jenkins, S., and Norman, E. (1975). Beyond placement: Mothers view foster care. New York: Columbia University Press.

Jenkins, S., and Sauber, M. (1966). Paths to child placement. New York: Community Council of Greater New York.

Jeter, H. R. (1960). Children who receive services from public child welfare agencies. Washington, DC: Children's Bureau.

Jeter, H. R. (1963). Children, problems and services in child welfare programs. Washington, DC: Children's Bureau.

Johnson, C. M., Miranda, L., Sherman, A., and Weill, J. D. (1991). Child poverty in America. Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund.

Johnson, C. M., Sum, A. M., and Weill, J. D. (1988). Vanishing dreams: The growing economic plight of America's young families. Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund.

Johnson, D., and Fein, E. (1991). The concept of attachment: Applications to adoption. Children and Youth Services Review 13:397-412.

Johnson, E.S., Levine, A., and Doolittle, F.C. (1999). Fathers' fair share: Helping poor fathers manage child support. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Johnson, H. (Spring 1988). Wife abuse. Statistics Canada, Canadian Social Trends, 17-22.

Johnson, H., and Chisholm, P. (Autumn 1989). Family homicide. Statistics Canada, Canadian Social Trends, 17-18.

Johnson, K. (1999). Can ‘child support’ live up to its name?  USA Today, October 20.

Jones, R., as told to L. Welch (2003). The guardian: Working on behalf of children, I’m always on the case—even if everyone else is on mine. The New York Times Magazine, February 2., 86.

Jones, A., and Rutman, L. (1981). In the children's aid: J.J. Kelso and child welfare in Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Jones, C. A., Gordon, N. M., and Sawhill, I. V. (1976). Child support payments in the United States. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.

Jones, M.A., Neuman, R., and Shyne, A. (1976). A second chance for families: Evaluation of a program to reduce foster care. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

 


K   Return to top

Kadushin, A. (1959). The knowledge base of social work. In A. J. Kahn, ed., Issues in American social work, 39-79. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kadushin, A. (1965). Introduction of new orientations in child welfare research. In M. Norris and B. Wallace, eds., The known and the unknown in child welfare research: An appraisal, 28-39. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Kadushin, A. (1967). Child welfare services. 1st ed. New York: Macmillan.

Kadushin, A. (1976). Emotional abuse. Unpublished paper presented at a joint U.S. National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect and National Institute of Mental Health Workshop on Emotional Maltreatment, Houston, Texas, April.

Kadushin, A. (1978). Child welfare strategy in the coming years: An overview. In F. Farro, ed., Child welfare strategy in the coming years, 1-50. Children's Bureau (OHDS) 78-30158. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

Kadushin, A., and Martin, J. A. (1981). Child abuse: An interactional event. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kadushin, A., and Martin, J. A. (1988). Child welfare services. 4th Edition. New York: Macmillan.

Kadushin, A., ed. (1967). Child welfare services: A sourcebook. New York: Macmillan.

Kadushin, A., ed. (1970). Child welfare services: A sourcebook. New York: Macmillan.

Kafka, F. (1995). The trial. New York: Knopf Publishing

Kahn, A. J. (1956). Facilitating social work research. Social Service Review 30:331-343.

Kahn, A. J. (1976). Social service delivery at the neighborhood level: Experience, theory and fads. Social Service Review 50:23-56.

Kahn, A. J., and Kamerman, S. B. (1975a). Not for the poor alone. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Kahn, A. J., and Kamerman, S. B. (1975b). Social policies in the United States: Policies and programs. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Kahn, A. J., ed. (1973). Shaping the new social work. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kamerman, S. B., and Kahn, A. J. (1983). Income transfers for families with children: An eight country study. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Kamerman, S. B., and Kahn, A. J. (1988b). Mothers alone: Strategies for a time of change. Dover, MA: Auburn House Publishing.

Kamerman, S. B., and Kahn, A. J. (1990). Social services for children, youth and families in the United States. Special Issue of Children and Youth Services Review 12:1-184.

Kamerman, S. B., and Kahn, A. J., eds. (1978). Family policy: Government and families in fourteen countries. New York: Columbia University Press.

Kamerman, S. B., and Kahn, A. J., eds. (1988a). Child support: From debt collection to social policy. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Kaplan, D., and Reich, R. (1976). The murdered child and his killers. American Journal of Psychiatry 133:809-813.

Karpf, M. J. (1931). The scientific basis of social work. New York: Columbia University Press.

Karski, R.W., Gilbert, N., and Frame, L. (1997). Evaluating the Emergency Response System's screening, assessment, and referral of child-abuse reports. CPS Brief  9: 1-11.

Katz, M. B. (1986). In the shadow of the poorhouse. New York: Basic Books.

Katz, M. B. (1986). The undeserving poor: From the war on poverty to the war on welfare. New York: Pantheon Books.

Katz, M. H., Hampton, R. L., Newberger, E. H., Bowles, R. T., and Snyder, J. C. (1986). Returning children home: Clinical decision making in cases of child abuse and neglect. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 56:253-263.

Kaus, M. (1992). The end of equality. New York: Basic Books.

Keister, L.A. (2000). Wealth in America: Trends in wealth inequality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kempe, C. H., and Silver, H. (1959). The problem of parental criminal neglect and severe abuse of children. AMA Journal of Diseases of Children 98:528.

Kempe, C. H., Silverman, F., Steele, B., Droegmueller, W., and Silver, H. (1962). The battered-child syndrome. Journal of the American Medical Association 181:17-24.

Kempe, R. S., and Kempe, C. H. (1978). Child abuse. New York: Open Books.

Kendrick, M. (1990). Nobody's children: The foster care crisis in Canada. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada.

Kennickell, A.B., and Woodburn, R.L. (1997). Consistent weight design for the 1989, 1992, and 1995 for the Survey of Consumer Finances, (preliminary draft of working paper, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (August).

Kessler-Harris, A. (1982). Out to work: A history of wage-earning women in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press.

Keynes, J. M. (1964). The general theory of employment, interest and money. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World.

Kiernan, K. (2000). European perspectives of union formation. In Waite, L, Bacharach, Hindin, M., Thompson, E., and Thompson, A. (eds.), Ties that bind: Perspectives on marriage and cohabitation. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Kindleberger, C. (1996). World economic primacy. New York: Oxford University Press.

King, M. L., Jr. (1963). Why we can't wait. New York: Harper and Row.

Kinney, J.M., Haapala, D., and Booth, C. (1991). Keeping families together: The Homebuilders Model. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Kinney, J.M., Madsen, B., Fleming, T., and Haapala, D. (1977). Homebuilders: Keeping families together. Journal of Clinical and Counseling Psychology 43:667-673.

Kirby, D. and Coyle, K. (1997). School-based programs to reduce sexual risk-taking behavior. Children and Youth Services Review 19: 415-436.

Kirby, D. and Coyle, K. (1997). Youth development programs. Children and Youth Services Review 19: 437-454.

Kiyosaki , R.T., and Lechter, S.L. (2000). Rich dad, poor dad. New York: Time Warner Books.

Kline, D., and Overstreet, H. (1972). Foster care or children: Nurture and treatment. New York: Columbia University Press.

Knitzer, J., Allen, M. A., and McGowan, B. (1978). Children without homes. Washington, DC: Children's Defense Fund.

Kolko, G. (1962). Wealth and power in America: An analysis of social class and income distribution. New York: Greenwood Publishing. 

Koring, P. (1994). Taxpayers are Major’s main squeeze: After 15 years of Tory government, the rich are richer and the poor are poorer. Globe and Mail, February 2: A1-A2.

Kozol, J. (1991). Savage inequalities: Children in America's schools. New York: Crown Books.

Kristol, I. (1971). The best of intentions, the worst of results. The Atlantic Monthly.

Krugman, P. R. (1992). The age of diminished expectations: U. S. economic policy in the 1990s. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Kuhn, T. S. (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Kunzel, R.G. (1993). Fallen women, problem girls: Unmarried mothers and the professionalization of social work, 1890-1945. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

 


L   Return to top

Landsman, M.J. (1985). Evaluation of fourteen child placement prevention projects in Wisconsin, 1983-1985. Iowa City, IA: National Resource Center on Family Based Services.

Larner, M.B., Stevenson, C.S., and Behrman, R.E. (1998). Protecting children from abuse and neglect: Analysis and recommendations. The Future of Children, 8. (online www.futureofchildren.org

LaRoe, R., and Pool, J. C. (1988). Gap grows between rich, poor. Columbus Dispatch, July 16.

Lealman, G. T., Haigh, D., Phillips, J. M., Stoan, J., and Ord-Smith, C. (1983). Prediction and prevention of child abuse-An empty hope. Lancet 8339:1423-1424.

Lee, F. (2003). Does class count in today’s land of opportunity? New York Times, January 17, A17 and A19.

Lefaucheur, N., and Martin, C. (1993). Lone parent families in France: Situation and research. In J. Hudson and B. Galaway, eds., Single parent families: Perspectives on research and policy, 31-50. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

Leiby, J. (1978). A history of social welfare and social work in the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lemov, P. (1989). Bringing children of the underclass into the mainstream. Governing, June, 34-39.

Lengyel, T.E., and Campbell, D. (eds.), (2002). Welfare policy through the lens of personal experience. Milwaukee, WI: Alliance for Children and Families.

Leonhardt, D. (2003). Defining the rich in the world’s wealthiest nation. New York Times, January 12, Section 4, page 1 and 16.

Levine, R. S. (1973). Caveat parens: A demystification of the child protection system. University of Pittsburgh Law Review 35:1-52.

Levitan, S. A. (1990). Programs in aid of the poor. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press.

Levy, F. (1987). Dollars and dreams: The changing American income distribution. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Lewis, A., and Schneider, W. (1985). Hard times: The public on poverty. Public Opinion 7:2-7.

Lewis, R. (1994). Application and adaptation of intensive family preservation services to use for the reunification of foster children with their biological parents. Children and Youth Services Review 16.

Liljestrom, R. (1978). Sweden. In S. Kamerman and A. J. Kahn, eds., Family policy: Government and families in fourteen countries, 19-48. New York: Columbia University Press.

Lindblom, C. E., and Cohen, D. K. (1979). Usable knowledge: Social science and social problem solving. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Lindsey, D. (1978). The scientific publication system in social science: A study of the operation of leading professional journals in psychology, sociology and social work. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lindsey, D. (1982). Achievements for children in foster care. Social Work 27:491-496.

Lindsey, D. (1991a). Adequacy of income and the foster care placement decision: Using an odds ratio approach to examine client variables. Social Work Research and Abstracts 28:29-36.

Lindsey, D. (1991b). Building a great public university: The role of funding at British and American universities. Research in Higher Education 32:217-244.

Lindsey, D. (1991c). Does increased reporting reduce child abuse fatalities? An examination of national statistics. Unpublished manuscript. School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley.

Lindsey, D. (1991d). Factors affecting the foster care placement decision: An analysis of national survey data. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 61:272-281.

Lindsey, D. (1991e). Reliability of the foster care placement decision: A review. Research in Social Work Practice 2:65-80.

Lindsey, D., and Kirk, S. A. (1992). The role of social work journals in the development of a knowledge base for the profession. Social Service Review 66: 295-310.

Lindsey, D., and Ozawa, M. N. (1979). Schizophrenia and SSI: Implications and problems. Social Work 24:120-126.

Lindsey, D., Martin, S.K., and Doh, J. (2002). The failure of intensive casework services to reduce foster care placements: an examination of family preservation studies, Children and Youth Services Review 24: 743-775.

Lindsey, D. and Martin, S.K. (2003). Deeping child poverty: The not so good news about welfare reform. Children and Youth Services Review 24: 163-177.

Lis, E. F., and Frauenberger, G. S. (1950). Multiple fractures associated with subdural hematoma in infancy. Paediatrics 6:890-892.

Longfellow, C. (1979). Divorce in context: Its impact on children. In G. Levinger and O.C. Moles, eds., Divorce and separation: Context, causes, and consequences, 287-306. New York: Basic Books.

Low, S. (1958). Staff in public child welfare programs-1956, with Trend Data 1946-1956. Children's Bureau Statistical Series, No. 41. Washington, DC: U.S. Children's Bureau.

Luker, K. (1996). Dubious conceptions: The politics of teenage pregnancy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Lyle, C.G., and Nelson, J. (1983). Home based vs. traditional child protective services: A study of home based services demonstration project in the Ramsey County Community Human Services Department. Unpublished paper. St. Paul, MN: Ramsey County Community Human Services Department.

Lynch, M. A. (1985). Child abuse before Kempe: An historical literature review. Child Abuse and Neglect 9:39-54.

 


M   Return to top

Maas, H. S., and Engler, Jr., R. E. (1959). Children in need of parents. New York: Columbia University Press.

MacDonald, M., and Sawhill, I. V. (1978). Welfare policy and the family. Public Policy 26:89-119.

Magura, S. (1981). Are services to prevent foster care effective? Children and Youth Services Review 3:193-212.

Mahoney, K., and Mahoney, M. J. (1974). Psychoanalytic guidelines for child placement. Social Work 19:688-696.

Mahoney, M.J. (1976). The scientist as subject. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.

Malthus, T.R. (1941). Essay on the principle of population. [first published in 1798]. New York: E.P. Dutton.

Manlove, J. (1998). The influence of high school dropout and school disengagement on the risk of school-age pregnancy. Journal of Research on Adolescence.

Margolin, L. (1992). Deviance on record: Techniques for labeling child abusers in official documents. Social Problems 39:58-70.

Marie, A. (1954). Hematome sousdural du nourrisson associe a des fractures des membres. Semaine hospitale Paris 30:1757.

Marmor, T. R., Mashaw, J. L., and Harvey, P. L. (1990). America's misunderstood welfare state: Persistent myths, enduring realities. New York: Basic Books.

Marquezy, R. A., Bach, C., and Blondeau, M. (1952). Hematome sousdural et fractures multiplas des os longs chez un nourrisson de N. mois. Archives Francaises de Pediatrie 9:526-000.

Marshall, W., and Kamarck, E.C. (1993). Replacing welfare with work. In W. Marshall and M. Schram, (eds.), Mandate for change, 217-236. New York: The Berkley Publishing Group.

Martin, C.A., Hill, K.K., and Welsh, R. (1998). Adolescent pregnancy a stressful life event: Causes and consequences. In Miller, T.W. (ed.), Child of trauma: Stressful life events and their effects on children and adolescents. Madison, CT: International Universities Press.

Martin, M. (1985). Poverty and child welfare. In K. L. Levitt and B. Wharf, eds., The challenge of child welfare, 53-65. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Marx, K. (1862). The theory of surplus value.

Marx, K. (1867). Capital: A critique of political economy, translated by Ben Fowkes New York: Penguin, 1992.

Mason, J., Wodarski, J. S., and Parham, J. (1985). Work and welfare: A reevaluation of AFDC. Social Work 33:197-203.

Massey, D. S., and Denton, N. A. (1993). American apartheid: Segregation and the making of the underclass. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mathewes-Green, F. (1996). Pro-life dilemma: Pregnancy centers and the welfare trap. Policy Review (July)

Matza., D. (1964). Delinquency and drift. New York: Wiley.

Max, S. (2001). The pros and cons of 529s. Money, October 15.

Maxwell, N. L. (1990). Changing female labor-force participation—Influences on income inequality and distribution. Social Forces 68:1251-1266.

Mayer, S. E., (1997). What money can’t buy: Family income and children’s life chances. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mayer, S. E., and Jencks, C. (1989). Poverty and the distribution of material hardship. Journal of Human Resources, 24:88.

McCabe, A. (1967). The pursuit of promise. New York: Community Service Society.

 McCurdy, M. A., and Daro, D. (1993). Current trends in child abuse reporting and fatalities: The results of the 1992 annual fifty state survey. Chicago: National Committee for the Prevention of Child Abuse.

McDonald, T., and Marks, J. (1991). A review of risk factors assessed in child protective services. Social Service Review 65:112-132.

McDonald, W.R., and Associates. (1992). Evaluation of AB 1562 in-home care demonstration projects: Final report. Sacramento, CA: Author.

McGowan, B. G. (1990). Family-based services and public policy: Context and implications. In J. K. Whittaker, et al., eds., Reaching high risk families: Intensive family preservation services in human services, 65-87. Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

McGowan, B., and Meezan, W., eds. (1983). Child welfare. Itasca, IL: Peacock Publishing.

McLanahan, S. (1988). The consequences of single parenthood for subsequent generations. Focus 11:16-21.

McLanahan, S., and Garfinkel, I. (1993). Single mothers in the United States: Growth, problems and policies. In J. Hudson, and B. Galaway, eds., Single parent families: Perspectives on research and policy, 15-29. Toronto: Thompson Educational Publishing.

McNeil, J. (1998), Changes in Median Household Income: 1969 to 1996. United States Census Bureau, Series P23-196. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
see www.census.gov

Mead, L. M. (1985). The hidden jobs debate. The Public Interest 95:40-58.

Mead, L. M. (1986). Beyond entitlement: The social obligations of citizenship. New York: Free Press.

Mech, E. (1970). Decision analysis in foster care practice. In H. D. Stone, ed., Foster care in question, 26-51. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Meezan, W., and McCroskey, J. (1993). Family centered home based interventions for abusive and neglectful families in Los Angeles. Unpublished paper. Los Angeles: University of Southern California School of Social Work.

Meissner, M. (1975). No exit for wives: Sexual division of labour and the cumulation of household demands. Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 12:424-439.

Mendelson, M. (1987). Can we reform Canada's income security system? In S. B. Steward, ed., The future of social welfare systems in Canada and the United Kingdom, Proceedings of a Canada/UK Colloquium, Oct. 17-18, 1986-1987. Halifax: Institute for Research on Public Policy.

Merrill Lynch and Gemini Consulting, (2001). World Wealth Report 2000, Figure 3. New York: Merrill Lynch.

Merrill Lynch and Cap Gemini Ernst & Young, (2002). World Wealth Report 2001, Figure 1. New York: Merrill Lynch.

Metcalf, C. E., and Thornton, C. (1992). Random assignment. Children and Youth Services Review 14:145-156.

Meyer, C. H. (1984). Can foster care be saved? Social Work 29:499.

Meyer, H. S., Borgatta, E., and Jones W. (1965). Girls at vocational high: An experiment in social work intervention. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Michigan Department of Social Services. (1993). Report to the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Social Services, May 25. Lansing, MI: Author.

Miller, D. S. (1959). Fractures among children - 1, parental assault as causative agent. Minnesota Medicine 42:1209-1213.

Miller-Johnson, S., Winn, D., Coie, J., Maumary-Gremaud, A., Hyman, C., Terry, R., and Lochman, J. (1999). Motherhood during the teen years: A developmental perspective on risk factors for adolescent childbearing. Developmental Psychology, 11: 85-100.

Mills, C.W. (1959). The sociological imagination. New York: Oxford University Press.
Mincy, R.B., & Dupree, A.T. (2001). Welfare, child support and family formation, Children and Youth Services Review, 23: 577-601.

Mitchell, C., Tovar, P., and Knitzer, J. (1989). The Bronx Homebuilders program: An evaluation of the first 45 families. New York: Bank Street College of Education.

Mlyniec, W. J. (1983). Prosecuting a termination of parental rights case. In M. Hardin, ed., Foster children in the courts, 193-228. Boston: Butterworth Legal Publishers.

Mnookin, R. H. (1973). Foster care: In whose best interest? Harvard Educational Review 43:599-638.

Mnookin, R. H. (1985). In the interest of children: Advocacy, law reform, and public policy. San Francisco: Freeman.

Moffitt, R.A. (2002). From welfare to work: What the evidence shows. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute. (available on line).

Montgomery, S. (1982). Correspondence. British Journal of Social Work 12:669-672.

Moore, K. A., Nord, C. W., and Peterson, J. L. (1989). Non-voluntary sexual activity among adolescents. Family Planning Perspectives 21:110-114.

Morris, M., and Williamson, J.W. (1987). Workfare: The poverty/dependence trade-off. Social Policy 18:13-16, 49-50.

Moynihan, D. P. (1965). The Negro family: The case for national action. Washington, DC: Office of Policy Planning and Research, U.S. Department of Labor.

Moynihan, D. P. (1973). The politics of a guaranteed annual income: The Nixon administration and the Family Assistance Plan. New York: Random House.

Moynihan, D. P. (1981). Children and welfare reform. Journal of the Institute for Socioeconomic Studies 6:1-8.

Moynihan, D. P. (1986). Family and nation. San Diego: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich.

Moynihan, D. P. (1990). Towards a post-industrial social policy. Families in Society 71:51-56.

Mullen, E. J, and Dumpson, J. R., eds. (1972). Evaluation of social intervention. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Mullen, E., Chazin, R., and Feldstein, D. (1970). Preventing chronic dependency. New York: Community Service Society.

Murphy, P.T. (1997). Wasted: The plight of America’s unwanted children. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee.

Murray, C. (1984). Losing ground. New York: Basic Books.

Murray, C. (1993). The coming white underclass. The Wall Street Journal, Friday, October 29.

Myrdal, G. (1944). An American dilemma. New York: Harper and Brothers.

 


N   Return to top

Nagi, S. Z. (1977). Child maltreatment in the United States: A challenge to social institutions. New York: Columbia University Press.

Nasar, S. (1992). The 1980s: A very good time for the very rich. Data show the top 1% got 60% of gain in decade's boom. New York Times, March 5, p. A1 and C13.

Nasar, S. (1994). Economics of equality: A new view. New York Times, January, 8, p. A17 and 26.

National Black Child Development Institute. (1989). Who will care when parents don't? A study of Black children in foster care. Washington, DC: Author.

National Center for Children in Poverty. (1990). Five million children: A statistical profile of our poorest young citizens. New York: Author, School of Public Health, Columbia University.

National Center for Comprehensive Emergency Service to Children. (1976). Comprehensive emergency services training guide. 2d ed. Nashville, TN: Author.

National Center for Health Statistics. (1969). Divorces: Analysis of changes in the United States, 1969. Vital and healh statistics. Series 21, No. 22 (4/73). Washington, DC: U.S. Author.

National Center for Health Statistics. (1989). Vital statistics of the United States, Vol. II. Mortality, Part A. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

National Center for Health Statistics. (1999). Births, marriages, divorces, and deaths: Provisional data for 1998. National vital statistics reports, 47(21). Hyaattsville, MD: Department of Health and Human Services.

National Center for Health Statistics. (2001). Teen pregnancy rate reaches a record low in 1997. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

National Commission on Children. (1991). Beyond rhetoric a new American agenda for children and families: Final report of the National Commission on Children. Washington, DC: Author.

National Council on Welfare. (1985). Opportunity for reform, a response by the National Council of Welfare to the consultation paper on child and elderly benefits. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada.

National Council on Welfare. (1989). Social spending and the next budget. Ottawa: Health and Welfare Canada.

National Council on Welfare. (1993). Poverty profile update for 1991. Ottawa: Author.

National Research Council. (1993). Understanding child abuse and neglect. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Native Council of Canada. Crime and Justice Commission. (1978). Metis and non-status Indians. Ottawa: Supply and Services Canada.

Nelson, B. J. (1984). Making an issue of child abuse: Political agenda setting for social problems. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Nelson, K., and Landsman, M.J. (1992). Alternative models of family preservation: Family-based services in context. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Nelson, K., Emlen, A., Landsman, M. J., and Hutchinson, J. (1988). Factors contributing to success and failure in family-based child welfare services: Final report. Iowa City: National Resource Center on Family Based Services, University of Iowa School of Social Work.

Norman, A. J., and Glick, P. C. (1986). One-parent families: A social and economic profile. Family Relations 35:9-17.

Norris, M., and Wallace, B. eds. (1965). The known and the unknown in child welfare research: An appraisal. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

 


O   Return to top

O’Neill, W.L. (1967). Divorce in the progressive era. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

O’Neill, W.L. and O’Neill, G. (1972). Open marriage: A new life style for couples. New York: Evans.

Offord, D. R., Boyle, M. H., Szatmari, P., Rae-Grant, N. I., Links, P. S., Cadman, D. T., Byles, J. A., Crawford, J. W., Munroe-Blum, H., Byrne, C., Thomas, H., and Woodward, C. A. (1987). Ontario child health study: II. Six-month prevalence of disorder and rates of service utilization. Archives of General Psychiatry 44:832-836.

O'Higgins, M. (1988). The allocation of public resources to children and the elderly in OECD countries. In J. Palmer, T. Smeeding, and B. B. Torrey, eds., The vulnerables: Americas's young and old in the industrial world, 214-222. Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.

O'Higgins, M., Schmaus, G., and Stephenson, G. (1985, June). Income distribution and redistribution: A microdata analysis of seven countries. Luxembourg Income Study, Working Paper No. 3.

Oliver, M.L., and Shapiro, T.M. (1995). Black wealth and white wealth: A new perspective on racial inequality. New York: Routledge.

Ontario. (1979). The family as a form for social policy. Toronto: Provincial Secretary for Social Development.

Orshansky, M. (1965). Counting the poor: Another look at the poverty profile. Social Security Bulletin 28:3-29.

Orshansky, M. (1967). Who was poor in 1966? In E. M. B. Burns, ed., Children's allowances and the economic welfare of children, 19-57. New York: Citizen's Committee for Children of New York.

Ozawa, M. N. (1977). Social insurance and redistribution. In A. Schorr, ed., Jubilee for our times: A practical program for income equality, 123-177. New York: Columbia University Press.

Ozawa, M. N. (1991a). Child welfare programs in Japan. Social Service Review 65:1-21.

Ozawa, M. N. (1991b). Unequal treatment of children by the Federal government. Children and Youth Services Review 13:255-268.

Ozawa, M. N. (1993). America's future and her investment in children. Child Welfare 72:517-529.

Ozment, S.E. (2001). Ancestors: The loving family in old Europe. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

 


P   Return to top

Packman, J., Randall, J., and Jacques, N. (1986). Who needs care? Social work decisions about children. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Page, R. M. (1987). Child abuse: The smothering of an issue-A British perspective. Children and Youth Services Review 9:51-65.

Parton, N. (1985). The politics of child abuse. London: Macmillan.

Pate A. M.,and Hamilton, E.E. (1992). Formal and informal deterrents to domestic violence: The Dade county spouse assault experiment. American Sociological Review 57:691-697.

Patterson, J.T. (1994). America’s struggle against poverty, 1900-1994. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Pavetti, L. (1993). The dynamics of welfare and work: Exploring the process by which women work their way off welfare. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Harvard University.

Pear, R. (2002). U.S. agents arrest dozens of fathers in support cases -- August 19, The New York Times.

Pearce, D. (1990). Welfare is not for women: Why the War on Poverty cannot conquer the feminization of poverty. In L. Gordon, ed. Women, the state, and welfare. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press.

Pechman, J. A. (1989). Tax reform, the rich and the poor. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Pecora, P.J., Fraser, M.W., and Haapala, D.A. (1991). Client outcomes and issues for program design. In K. Wells and D. Biegel, eds., Family preservation services: Research and evaluation. 3-32. Newbury Park: Sage.

Pecora, P.J., Fraser, M.W., and Haapala, D.A. (1992). Intensive home-based family preservation services: An update from the FIT project. Child Welfare 71:177-188.

Peddle, N. and Wang, C.T. (2001) Current trends in child abuse prevention, reporting, and fatalities: The 1999 fifty state survey. Prevent Child Abuse America. Working paper 808.

Pelton, L. H. (1981). Child abuse and neglect: The myth of classlessness. In L. H. Pelton, ed., The social context of child abuse and neglect, 23-38. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Pelton, L. H. (1989). For reasons of poverty: A critical analysis of the public child welfare system in the United States. New York: Praeger.

Pelton, L. H. (1991). Beyond permanency planning: Restructuring the public child welfare system. Social Work 36:337-434.

Pelton, L. H. (1992). A functional approach to reorganizing family and child welfare interventions. Children and Youth Services Review 14:298-304.

Perrucci, R., and Wysong, E. (2002). New class society: Goodbye American dream?,2nd, Edition. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Phelps. E. (1997). Rewarding work. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Phillips, K. (1990). The politics of rich and poor: Wealth and the American electorate in the Reagan aftermath. New York: Random House

Phillips, K. (1993). Boiling point: Republicans, Democrats and the decline of middle-class prosperity. New York: Random House.

Phillips, K. (2002). Wealth and democracy: A political history of the American rich. New York: Broadway Books.

Phillips, M. H., Haring, B. L., and Shyne, A. W. (1972). A model for intake decisions in child welfare. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Phillips, P., and Phillips, E. (1983). Women and work: Inequality in the labour market. Toronto: Lorimer.

Phillips, R. (1991). Untying the knot: A short history of divorce. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Pierce, W. (1992). Adoption and other permanency considerations. Children and Youth Services Review 14:61-66.

Pike, V. (1976). Permanent planning for foster children: The Oregon Project. Children Today 5:22-25.

Pike, V., and Downs, S. (1977). Permanent planning for children in foster care: A handbook for social workers, DHEW Publication No. (OHD) 77-30124. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Pine, B. A. (1986). Child welfare reform and the political process. Social Service Review 60:339-360.

Piven, F. F., and Cloward, R.A. (1970). Regulating the poor: The function of public welfare. New York: Pantheon.

Plotnick, R. (2000). Economic security for families with children. In P.J. Pecora, J.K. Whittaker, A.N. Maluccio, and R. P. Barth (with R. D. Plotnick) Eds., The child welfare challenge: Policy practice, and research. 2nd Edition. (pp. 95-127). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Polakow, V. (1993). Lives on the edge: Single mothers and their children in the other America. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Porter, K.H., and Dupree, A. (2001). Poverty trends for families headed by working single mothers. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Powers, E., and Witmer, H. L. (1951). An experiment in the prevention of delinquency-The Cambridge Somerville youth study. New York: Columbia University Press.

Presser, H.B. (1994). Employment schedules among dual-earner spouses and the division of household labor by gender. American Sociological Review, 59: 348-364.

Presser, H.B. (1999). Toward a 24-hour economy. Science, 284: 177-179.

Presser, H.B. (2000). Nonstandard work schedules and marital instability. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62: 93-110.

Proch, K., and Howard, J. A. (1986). Parental visiting of children in foster care. Social Work 31:178-181.

Pryor, R. C. (1991). New York State Central Register reporting highlights, 1974-1990. Albany, NY: State Central Register for Reports of Child Abuse and Maltreatment.

 


Q   Return to top

Quinn, M. (1996). Family preservation: It can kill. Newsday (New York), January 11, p. A33.


R   Return to top

Radbill, S. X. (1974). History of child abuse and infanticide. In R. E. Helfer and C. H. Kempe, eds., The battered child, 3-21. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Rainwater, L., and Smeeding, T.M. (1995). Doing poorly: The real income of children in a comparative perspective. Working paper No. 127. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs.

Rainwater, L., and Yancey, W. L. (1967). The Moynihan report and the politics of controversy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ramirez, L.P. (2002). 529 plans: The best way to start investing for college.  Parent Child Development.

Ravetz, J. (1971). Scientific knowledge and its social problems. London: Oxford University Press.

Rector, R. (2001). Implementing welfare reform and restoring marriage. Washington, DC: The Heritage Foundation.

Rector, R.E. and Fagan, P.F. (2001). The good news about welfare reform. Backgrounder No. 1468. Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation.

Rector, R.E. Johnson, K.A., and Fagan, P.F. (2001). Understanding differences in Black and White child poverty rates. Center for Data Analysis Report #01-04. May 23, 2001. Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation.

Rector, R.E., and Youssef, S.E. (1999). The determinants of welfare caseload decline. Heritage Foundation Center for Data Analysis Report CDA99-04, May 11.

Regional Research Institute for Human Services (1978). Permanent planning in foster care: Resources for training and a guide for program planners. Portland, OR: Author.

Reid, J. H. (1959). Action called for—recommendation. In H. S. Maas and R. E. Engler, Children in need of parents, 378-397. New York: Columbia University Press.

Reid, W. J., and Hanrahan, P. (1981). The effectiveness of social work: Recent evidence. In E. M. Goldberg and N. Connelly, eds., Evaluative research in social care: Papers from a workshop on recent trends in evaluative research in social work and the social services, May 1980, 9-20. London: Heinemann.

Reimer, D.R. (1988). The prisoners of welfare: Liberating America’s poor from unemployment and low wages. New York: Praeger.

Rein, M., and Rainwater, L. (1978). Patterns of welfare use. Social Service Review 52:511-534.

Rein, M., Nutt, T. E. and Weiss, H. (1974). Foster family care: Myth and reality. In A. Schorr, ed., Children and decent people, 24-52. New York: Basic Books.

Rejda, G. E. (1970). Family allowances as a program for reducing poverty. Journal of Risk Insurance 37:539-554.

Report on Business Magazine (1993). 1993 in Figures. Supplement to Globe and Mail, January, 94-98.

Richmond, M. E. (1912). Relation of output to intake. Charity Organization Bulletin, New Series, 3 (9).

Richmond, M. E. (1917). Social diagnosis. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Richmond, M. E. (1986). The friendly visitor: General suggestions to those that visit the poor. Philadelphia: Society for Organizing Charity.

Ringwalt, C., and Caye, J. (1989). The effects of demographic factors on perceptions of child neglect. Children and Youth Services Review 11:133-144.

Roberts, D. (2002). Shattered bonds: The color of child welfare. New York: Basic Books.

Roberts, P. (2002). The importance of child support enforcement: What recent social science research tells us. Washington, DC: Center for Law and Social Policy.

Rodham, H. (1977). Children's policies: Abandonment and neglect. The Yale Law Journal 86:1522-1531.

Ross, H. L., and Sawhill, I. V. (1975). Time of transition: The growth of families headed by women. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute.

Rossi, P. H. (1987). The iron law of evaluation and other metallic rules. In J. Miller and M. Lewis, eds., Research in social problems and public policy, Vol. 4, 3-20. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Rossi, P. H. (1992a). Assessing family preservation programs. Children and Youth Services Review 14:77-97.

Rossi, P. H. (1992b). Strategies for evaluation. Children and Youth Services Review 14:167-191.

Rossi, P., and Wright, J. D. (1984). Evaluation research: An assessment. Annual Review of Sociology 10:331-352.

Rossi, P.H. (1994). Review of “Families in Crisis.” Children and Youth Services Review 16.

Rubin, A. (1985). Practice effectiveness: More grounds for optimism. Social Work 30:469-476.

Rubin, A. (1986). Tunnel vision in the search for effective interventions: Rubin responds. Social Work 31:403-404.

Russel, R. (1964). A history of the American economic system. New York:

Rutter, M. (1972). Maternal deprivation reassessed. London: Penguin.

Rzepnicki, T. L., and Stein, T. J. (1985). Permanency planning for children in foster care: A review of projects. Children and Youth Services Review 7:95-108.

 


S   Return to top

Sarri, R., and Finn, J. (1992a). Child welfare policy and practice: Rethinking the history of our certainties. Children and Youth Services Review 14:219-236.

Sarri, R., and Finn, J. (1992b). Introduction to special issue on child welfare policy and practice: Rethinking the history of our certainties. Children and Youth Services Review 14:213-216.

Sawhill, I., and Haskins, R. (2002). Welfare reform and the work support system. WR&B Brief #17, March, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute.

Sawhill, I.V. (1998). Teen pregnancy prevention: Welfare reform's missing component. Policy Brief #38, November, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institute.

Scannapieco, M. (1994). Home-based services program: Effectiveness with at-risk families. Children and Youth Services Review 16.

Schafer, R., and Erickson, S.D. (1993). Evolving family preservation services: The Florida experience. In E.S. Morton and R.K. Grigsby, eds., Advancing family preservation practice. 56-69. Newbury Park: Sage.

Schloesser, P., Pierpont, J., and Poertner, J. (1992). Active surveillance of child abuse fatalities. Child Abuse and Neglect 16:3-10.

Schneider, P. (1987). Lost innocents: The myth of missing children. Harpers, February, 47-53.

Schnell, R. L. (1987). A children's bureau for Canada: The origins of the Canadian Council on Child Welfare, 1913-1921. In A. Moscovitch, and J. Albert, eds., The benevolent state: The growth of welfare in Canada, 95-110. Toronto: Garamond Press.

Schorr, A. L. (1966). Poor kids. New York: Basic Books.

Schorr, A. L., ed. (1974). Children and decent people. New York: Basic Books.

Schorr, A.L. (1986). Common decency. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Schorr, A.L. (2000). The bleak prospect for public child welfare. Social Service Review, 74:124-136.

Schram, S. F. (1991). Welfare spending and poverty: Cutting back produces more poverty, not less. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 50:129-141.

Schram, S. F., and Wilken, P. H. (1989). It's no ‘Laffer’ matter: Claim the increasing welfare aid breeds poverty and dependency fails statistical test. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 48:203-217.

Schram, S. F., Turbett, J. P., and Wilken, P. H. (1988). Child poverty and welfare benefits: A reassessment with state data of the claim that American welfare breeds dependence. American Journal of Economics and Sociology 47:409-422.

Schuerman, J. R., and Vogel, L. H. (1986). Computer support of placement planning: The use of expert systems in child welfare. Child Welfare 65:531-543.

Schuerman, J. R., Rzepnicki, T. L., and Littell, J. H. (1991). From Chicago to Little Egypt: Lessons from an evaluation of a family preservation program. In K. Wells and D. Biegel, eds., Family preservation services: Research and evaluation. 33-46. Newbury Park: Sage.

Schuerman, J. R., Rzepnicki, T. L., Littell, J. H., and Budde, S. (1992). Implementation issues. Children and Youth Services Review 14:193-206.

Schuerman, J. Rzepnicki, T.L., Littell, J.H., and Chak, A. (1993). Evaluation of the Illinois Family First Placement Family Preservation Program: Final Report. Chicago, IL: Chapin Hall Center for Children.

Schwab, J. A., Bruce, M. E., and McRoy, R. G. (1986). Using computer technology in child placement decisions. Social Casework 67:359-368.

Schwartz, I.M., and AuClaire, P. (1989). Intensive home-based service as an alternative to the out-of-home placement: The Hennepin county experience. Unpublished paper.

Schwartz, I.M., AuClaire, P., and Harris, L.J. (1991). Family preservation services as an alternative to the out-of-home placement of adolescents: The Hennepin county experience. In K. Wells and D. Biegel, eds., Family preservation services: Research and evaluation. 187-206. Newbury Park: Sage.

Scott, P. D. (1973). Fatal battered baby cases. Medicine, Science and the Law 13:197-206.

Scott, P. D. (1978). The psychiatrist's viewpoint. In S. M. Smith, ed., The maltreatment of children, 175-203. Baltimore, MD: University Park Press.

Sedlak, A. (1989). The supplementary analyses of data on the national incidence of child abuse and neglect. (p. 2-2, Table 2-1). Rockville, MD: Westat.

Sedlak, A. (1991). The supplementary analyses of data on the national incidence of child abuse and neglect. Revised August 30, 1991. Rockville, MD: Westat.

Sedlak, A. (1991). The supplementary analyses of data on the national incidence of child abuse and neglect. Revised August 30, 1991. Rockville, MD: Westat.

Sedlak, A., & Broadhurst, D.D. (1996). Third national incidence study of child abuse and neglect: final report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.

Sedlak, A.J. (1988). Study of national incidence and prevalence of child abuse and neglect: final report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families.

Segal, S. P. (1972). Research on the outcomes of social work therapeutic interventions: A review of the literature. Journal of Health and Social Behavior 13:3-17.

Segalman, R., and Basu, A. (1981). Poverty in America: The welfare dilemma. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Select Committee on Children, Youth and Families. (1987). Abused children in America: Victims of official neglect. U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. (1989a). No place to call home: Discarded children in America. U.S. House of Representatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. (1989b). U.S. children and their families: Current conditions and recent trends, 1989. U.S. House of Representatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Shapiro, I. (2001). The latest IRS data on after-tax income trends. Washington, DC: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.

Shapiro, I., Greenstein R., and Primus, W. (2001). Pathbreaking CBO study shows dramatic increases in income disparities in 1980s and 1990s: an analysis of the CBO data. Washington, D.C.: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities.  

Sharpe, R., and Lundstrom, M. (1991). SIDS sometimes used to cover up child abuse deaths. USA Today, January 10, 2.

Sheldon, B. (1986). Social work effectiveness experiments: Review and implications. British Journal of Social Work 16:223-242.

Sherman, L. W., and Smith, D. A. (1992). Crime, punishment, and stake in conformity: Milwaukee and Omaha experiments. American Sociological Review 57:680-690.

Sherman, L. W.,and Berk, R. A. (1984). The specific deterrent effects of arrest for domestic assault. American Sociological Review 49:261-272.

Sherraden, M. (1990). Rethinking social welfare: Towards assets. Social Policy 7:37-43.

Sherraden, M. (1991). Assets and the poor: A new American welfare policy. New York: M. E. Sharpe.

Shlonsky, A., and Gambrill E. (2001). The need for comprehensive risk management systems in child welfare. Children and Youth Services Review, 23, 79-107.

Shyne, A. W., and Schroeder, A. G. (1978). National study of social services to children and their families. (DHEW Publication No. OHDS 78-30150). Washington, DC: United States Children's Bureau.

Siegal, M. (1985). Children, parenthood, and social welfare: In the context of developmental psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Silverman, F. N. (1953). The Roentgen manifestations of unrecognized skeletal trauma in infants. American Journal of Roentgenology 69(1):413-427.

Sinanoglu, P. A. (1981). Working with parents: Selected issues and trends as reflected in the literature. In A. N. Maluccio and P. A. Sinanoglu, eds., The challenge of partnership: Working with parents of children in foster care, 3-21. New York: Child Welfare League of America, Inc.

Sisman, H. (1990). One of the saddest jobs on earth. This World section of The San Francisco Chronicle, November 4, 13-16.

Skocpol, T. (1992). Protecting soldiers and mothers: The political origins of social policy in the United States. New York: Belknap Press.

Skocpol, T. (1997). The next liberalism. The Atlantic Monthly, 279: 118-120.

Skocpol, T. (2000). The missing middle: Working families and the future of American social policy. New York: W.W. Norton.

Smith, A. (1937). An inquiry into the nature and cause of the wealth of nations. [first published in 1776]. New York: Modern Library.

Smith, J.P. (1995). Marriage, assets, and savings. RAND Issue paper DRU-1055-NIA.

Smith, M. J. (1950). Subdural hematoma with multiple fractures. American Journal of Roentgenology 6:343-344

Smith, P. B., and Poertner, J. (1993). Enhancing the skills of adolescents as individuals and as parents. Children and Youth Services Review 15:275-280.

Solomon, J. (1989). Managers focus on low-wage workers. Wall Street Journal, May 9, B1.

Somander, L.H.K., and Ramner, L.M. (1991). Intra-and-extra familial child homicide in Sweden, 1971-1980. Child Abuse and Neglect 15:45-55.

Song, Y., and Lu, H.H. (2001). Low-income children in the United States,: A brief demographic profile. New York: National Center for Children in Poverty.

    Online: www.nccp.org

Sosin, M. R., Piliavin, I., and Westerfelt, H. (1991). Toward a longitudinal analysis of homelessness. Journal of Social Issues 46:157-174.

Spake, A. (1994). The little boy who didn’t have to die. McCall’s, November, p. 142.

Specht, H. (1990). Social work and the popular psychotherapies. Social Service Review 64:345-357.

Specht, H. and Courtney, M.E. (1997). Unfaithful angels: How social work has abandoned its mission. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Spector, M., and Kitsuse, J. I. (1977). Constructing social problems. Menlo Park: Cummings.

Spencer, J. W., and Knudsen, D. D. (1992). Out-of-home maltreatment: An analysis of risk in various settings for children. Children and Youth Services Review 14:485-492.

St. Pierre, R.G., Layzer, J.I., Goodson, B.D., Bernstein, L.S. (1997). The effectiveness of Comprehensive, Case Management Interventions: Findings from the National Evaluation of the Comprehensive Child Development Program. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates.

Stanley, T. J. (1988). Marketing to the affluent. Homewood, IL: Dow Jones-Irwin.

Stark, E. (1992). Framing and reframing battered women. In E. Buzawa and C. Buzawa, eds., Domestic violence: The criminal justice response, 271-292. Dover, MA: Auburn House.

Starr, P. (1982). The social transformation of American medicine. New York: Basic Books.

Starr, R. H. (1982). Child abuse prediction: Policy implications. Cambridge, MA: Harper and Row, Ballinger Publishing.

Stein, T. J. (1985). Projects to prevent out-of-home placement. Children and Youth Services Review 7:109-122.

Stein, T. J. (1991a). Child welfare and the law. New York: Longman.

Stein, T. J. (1991b). Personal communication, September 11.

Stein, T. J., and Gambrill, E. D. (1976). Decision making in foster care-A training manual. Berkeley, CA: University Extension Publications.

Stein, T. J., and Rzepnicki, T. L. (1984). Decision-making in child welfare services: Intake and planning. Hingham, MA: Kluwer-Nijoff Publishing, Kluwer Academic Publications.

Stein, T. J., Gambrill, E. D., and Wiltse, K. T. (1978). Children in foster homes: Achieving continuity of care. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Steiner, G. Y. (1976). The childrens' cause. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.

Stingle, K. (2002). Competing responsibilities: Who will care for the children. In Lengyel, T.E., and Campbell, D. (eds.), Welfare policy through the lens of personal experience. (pp. 43-62). Milwaukee, WI: Alliance for Children and Families.

Straus, M., and Gelles, R. (1986). Societal change and change in family violence from 1975-1985 as revealed by two national surveys. Journal of Marriage and the Family 48:465-479.

Straus, M., Gelles, R., and Steinmetz, S. (1980). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American family. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Stuart, A. (1986). Rescuing children: Reforms in the child support payment system. Social Service Review 60:201-217.

Sussman, A., and Cohen, S. (1975). Reporting child abuse and neglect: Guidelines for legislation. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing.

Szykula, S.A., and Fleischman, M.J. (1985). Reducing out-of-home placements of abused children: Two controlled field studies. Child Abuse and Neglect 9:277-283.

 


T   Return to top

Tatara, T. (1983). Characteristics of children in substitute and adoptive care. Washington, DC: Voluntary Cooperative Information System, American Public Welfare Association.

Tatara, T., and Pettiford, E. K. (1985). Characteristics of children in substitute and adoptive care. Washington, DC: Voluntary Cooperative Information System, American Public Welfare Association.

Taylor, P. (1991). Tax cuts can help our kids: Relief for families benefits society. Washington Post, June 16, 1B.

Testa, M. F., and Goerge, R. M. (1988). Policy and resource factors in the achievement of permanency for foster children in Illinois. Unpublished paper. Chapin Hall Center for Children at the University of Chicago, Chicago.

Testa, M.F., and Slack, K.S. (2002). The gift of kinship foster care. Children and Youth Services Review 24: 79-108.

Theiman, A.A., Fuqua, R., and Linnan, K. (1990). Iowa family preservation three year pilot project: Final evaluation report. Ames, IA: Iowa State University.

Theis, S. (1924). How foster children turn out. New York: State Charities Aid Association.

Thomlison, R. J. (1984). Something works: Evidence from practice effectiveness studies. Social Work 29:51-56.

Thurow, L. C. (1975). Generating inequality: Mechanisms of distribution in the U.S. economy. New York: Basic Books.

Thurow, L. C. (1987). Declining American incomes and living standards. New York: Economic Policy Institute.

Thurow, L. C. (1992). Head to head: The coming economic battle among Japan, Europe, and America. San Francisco: William Morrow and Company.

Titmuss, R. (1968). Commitment to welfare. New York: Pantheon Books.

Tobin, J. (1968). Raising the incomes of the poor. In K. Gordon, eds., Agenda for the nation: Papers on diplomatic and foreign policy issues, 77-116. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Tobin, J., Wu, D. Y. H., and Davidson, D. (1989). Preschool in three cultures: Japan, China and the United States. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Todd, A. J. (1919). The scientific spirit in social work. New York: Macmillan.

Trattner, W.I. (1990). From poor law to welfare state: A history of social welfare in America. New York: Free Press.

Trotzkey, E. (1930). Institutional care and placing-out. Chicago: Marks Nathan Jewish Orphan Home.

Turner, D., and Shields, B. (1985). The legal process of brining children into care in British Columbia. In K. L. Levitt and B. Wharf, eds., The challenge of child welfare, 108-124. Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Turner, M.D. (2001). Child support enforcement and in-hospital paternity establishment in seven cities, Children and Youth Services Review, 23, 557-575.

Tyler, A. H., and Brassard, M. R. (1984). Abuse in the investigation and treatment of intrafamiliar child sexual abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect 8:47-53.

 


U   Return to top

United States Census Bureau. (1998). Marital status and living arrangements: March 1998 (Update). Current Population Reports. Series P-20-514. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.

UNICEF. (2000). Child poverty in rich nations. Florence, Italy: United Nations Children’s Fund. www.unicef-icdc.org

United States Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. (1990). Child abuse and neglect: Critical first steps in response to a national emergency. Washington, DC: Author.

United States Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. (1991). A caring community: Blueprint for an effective federal policy on child abuse and neglect. Washington, DC: Author.

United States Bureau of the Census. (1987). Child support and alimony, 1985. Current population reports, Series P-23, No. 152. Washington, DC: Author.

United States Bureau of the Census. (1987). Children with single parents—how they fare. CENBR/97-1, Washington, DC: Author.

United States Bureau of the Census. (1987). Money income of households, families and persons in the United States: 1987. Washington, DC: Author.

United States Census Bureau, (1993). Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), 1993 Wave 9. Internet release date: October 31, 2000.

United States Census Bureau, (1997). Current population reports, Series P-6. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Census Bureau. (1998). Marital status and living arrangements: March 1998 (Update). Current Population Reports. Series P-20-514. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.

United States Census Bureau, (1999). Current population reports, Series P-6. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Census Bureau, (2001a). America’s families and living arrangements: 2000. Population characteristics, Series P20-537. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. see www.census.gov

United States Census Bureau, (2001b). Poverty in the United States: 2000. Current population reports, Series P60-214. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. (see www.census.gov)

United States Census Bureau, (2002). Poverty in the United States: 2002. Current population reports, Series P60-219. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
see www.census.gov

United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. (1981). Study findings: National study of the incidence and severity of child abuse and neglect. DHHS Publication No. (OHDS) 81-30325. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States Department of Health and Human Services, National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. (1988). Study findings, study of national incidence and prevalence of child abuse and neglect, 5-29. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2001). Child maltreatment 1999: Reports from the states to the national child abuse and neglect data system. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States General Accounting Office. (1989). Children and youths: About 68,000 homeless and 186,000 in shared housing at any given time. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

United States General Accounting Office. (2001). Moving hard-to-employ recipients into the workforce. GA)-01-368. (March) Washington, DC: author.

United States House of Representatives. (1981). Missing children's act. Hearings held by the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights, Committee on the Judiciary. 97th Congress, 1st session, 18, November 30.

United States House of Representatives. (1998). Green Book: Background material and data on programs within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

United States House of Representatives. (2000). Green Book: Background material and data on programs within the jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means. 106th Congress Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.

United States Senate. (1983). Child kidnapping. Hearings held by the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice, Committee on the Judiciary. 98th Congress, First session, February 2.

University Associates (1992). Evaluation of Michigan’s Families First program: Summary of results. Lansing, MI: Author.

University Associates (1993). Evaluation of Michigan’s Families First program: Summary report. Lansing, MI: Author.

 


V   Return to top

Van Voorhis, R.A., and Gilbert, N. (1998). The structure and performance of child abuse reporting systems. Children and Youth Services Review 20: 207-221.

Vasaly, S. M. (1976). Foster care in five states: A synthesis and analysis of studies from Arizona, California, Iowa, Massachusetts, and Vermont. Washington, DC: Social Research Group, George Washington University.

Ventura, S.J. and Bacharach, C.A. (2000). Nonmarital childbearing in the United States, 1940-99, National Vital Statistics Reports, 48, No. 16.

Ventura, S.J. Mathews, T.J., and Hamilton, B.E. (2001). Births to teenagers in the United States, 1940-2000, National Vital Statistics Reports, 49, No. 10.

von Hoffman, N. (1985). Pack of fools. New Republic 193:9-11.

 


W   Return to top

Wald, M. S. (1988). Family preservation: Are we moving too fast? Public Welfare 46:33-37.

Wald, M. S., and Woolverton, M. (1990). Risk assessment: The emperor's new clothes? Child Welfare 69:483-511.

Wald, M. S., Carlsmith, J. M., and Leiderman, P. H. (1988). Protecting abused and neglected children. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Wall Street Journal (1985). May 9, p. 1.

Wall Street Journal (1991). Wealth of U.S. households stayed flat. January 11.

Wallerstein, J. S., and Kelly, J. B. (1979). Children and divorce: A review. Social Work 24:468-475.

Washington Post, (1995). The welfare fade. (Editorial). Washington Post, November 3, 1995

Weaver, R.K., and Armacost, M.H. (2000). Ending Welfare As We Know It. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.

Weicher, J. (1996). The distribution of wealth: Increasing inequality. Washington, DC: The American Enterprise Institute.

Weitzman, L. J. (1985). The divorce revolution: The unexpected social and economic consequences for women and children in America. New York: Free Press.

Welch, W.M. (1994). Two-thirds back a costly welfare overhaul: Many fear cheating is widespread. USA Today, April 22: 7A.

Wells, K., and Biegel, D. E., eds. (1991). Family preservation services: Research and evaluation. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Wells, K., and Whittington, D. (1993). Child and family functioning after intensive family preservation services. Social Services Review 67:55-83.

Wemmerus, N.E., Forkosh, E.S., and Almond, D. (1996). Characteristics of National School Lunch and School Breakfast Program participants. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Consumer Service, Office of Analysis and Evaluation. May, 1996.

Wenocur, S., and Reisch, M. (1989). From charity to enterprise: The development of American social work in a market economy. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Wertheimer, R. (2001). Working poor families with children: Leaving welfare doesn’t necessarily mean leaving poverty (Research brief). Washington,D.C.: Child Trends.

Westat (1991). A national evaluation of Title IV-E Foster Care Independent Living Program for Youth: Phase II final report, vols. I and II. Rockville, MD: Westat, Inc.

Weston, J. T. (1974). The pathology of child abuse. In R. E. Helfer and C. H. Kempe, eds., The battered child, 2d ed., 61-86. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Wexler, R. (1995). Wounded innocents: The real victims of the war against child abuse. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.

Wheeler, C.E. (1992). Intensive family support services: Catalyst for systems change. Sacramento, CA: Walter R. McDonald and Associates.

Wheeler, C.E., Reuter, G., Struckman-Johnson, D., and Yuan, Y.T. (1992). Evaluation of the State of Connecticut intensive family preservation services: Phase V annual report. Sacramento, CA: Walter R. McDonald and Associates.

Whitebook, M., Howes, C., and Phillips, D. (1998). Worthy work, unlivable wages: The national child care staffing study, 1988-97. Washington, DC: Center for the Child Care Workforce.

Whitehead, B.D. (1993). Dan Quayle was right. Atlantic Monthly, April. Available online:
http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/family/danquayl.htm

Wilensky, H. L. (2002). Rich democracies: Political economy, public policy, and performance. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Wilensky, H. L., and Lebeaux, C. N. (1958). Industrial society and social welfare. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Wilhelm, M. (1998). Revenue estimates and distributional analysis for “Stakeholder Society.” Unpublished manuscript.

Will, G. (1988). What Dukakis should be saying. Washington Post, September 15.

Will, G. (1991). Society challenged to break poverty cycle that traps kids. The Register Guard (Eugene, Oregon), B2.

Willems, D.N., and DeRubeis, R. (1981). The effectiveness of intensive preventive services for families with abused, neglected, or disturbed children: Hudson county project final report. Trenton, NJ: Bureau of Research, Division of Youth and Family Services.

Wilson, J. (1990). U.S. child abuse shame increases as poverty grips more children. Register Guard (Eugene, Oregon), November 20, 10A.

Wilson, J. O. (1985). The power economy. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.

Wilson, J.Q. (2002). The Marriage Problem: How Our Culture Has Weakened Families. New York: HarperCollins.

Wilson, W. J. (1987). The truly disadvantaged: The inner city, the underclass, and public policy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Wilson, W. J. (1997). When Work Disappears: The World of the New Urban Poor. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Wilson, W. J., and Neckerman,K. M. (1987). Poverty and family structure: The widening gap between evidence and public policy issues. In S. H. Danziger and D. H. Weinberg, eds., Fighting poverty, 232-259. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wiltse, K. (1976). Decision making needs in foster care. Children Today 5:1-5.

Wires, E. W., and Drake, E. W. (1952). Use of statistics in testing practice. Child Welfare 31:17-18.

Wolff, E.N. (2000). Recent trends in wealth ownership, 1983-1998. Table 3 and note to Table 5. Working Paper No. 300.

    http://www.levy.org/docs/wrkpap/papers/300.html

Wolff, E.N. (2001). Recent trends in wealth ownership. In Shapiro, T.M. and Wolff, E. (eds.), Benefits and mechanisms for spreading asset ownership in the United States. Conference Volume. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

Wolins, M, and Piliavin, I. (1964). Institution of foster family: A century of debate. New York: Child Welfare League of America.

Wolock, I., and Horowitz, B. (1979). Child maltreatment and material deprivation among AFDC recipient families. Social Service Review 53:175-194.

Wood, S., Barton, K., and Schroeder, C. (1988). In-home treatment of abusive families: Cost and placement at one year. Psychotherapy 25:409-414.

Woolley, P. V., and Evans, W. A. (1955). Significance of skeletal lesions in infants resembling those of traumatic origin. Journal of the American Medical Association 181:17-24.

Wright, E.O., Shire, K., Hwang, S.L., Dolan, M., and Baxter, J. (1992). The non-effects of class on the gender division of labor in the home: A comparative study of Sweden and the United States. Gender and Society, 6: 252-282.

 


X   Return to top

Xanthaki, H. (2000). The judiciary-based system of child support in Germany, France and Greece: an effective suggestion? Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 22(3): 295-311.

 


Y   Return to top

Yuan, Y. T., McDonald, W. R., Wheeler, C. E., Struckman-Johnson, D., and Rivest, M. (1980). Evaluation of AB 1562 in-home care demonstration projects: Final report. Sacramento: Walter R. McDonald and Associates.

Yuan, Y.T. (1990). Evaluation of AB 1562 in-home care demonstration projects. Volumes I and II. Sacramento, CA: Walter R. MacDonald and Associates.

 


Z   Return to top

Zietz, D. (1964). Child welfare: Principles and methods. New York: John Wiley.

Zigler, E. (1979). Controlling child abuse in America: An effort doomed to failure? In R. Bourne and E. H. Newberger, eds., Critical perspectives on child abuse, 171-213. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

Zill, N., and Rogers, C. C. (1988). Recent trends in the well-being of children in the United States and their implications for public policy. A. J. Cherlin, ed., The changing American family and public policy, 31-115. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute Press.

Zill, N., Moore, K., and Steif, T. (1989). Progress report: Analysis of employment-related characteristics of AFDC mothers in national survey data bases. Unpublished paper. Washington, DC: Child Trends, Inc.

 


Copyright, 2003, Duncan Lindsey